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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Systematic Approach to Identify Novel Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Molecules from Plants' Extracts and Fractions to Prevent Dental Caries

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Author(s):
Ribeiro, Sabrina M. [1] ; Fratucelli, Erick D. O. [1] ; Fernandes, Julia M. [2] ; Bueno, Paula C. P. [2, 3] ; Cavalheiro, Alberto Jose [2] ; Klein, I, Marlise
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] I, Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Sch Dent, UNESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Organ Chem, Inst Chem, UNESP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Pharmaceut Sci Ribeiraao Preto FCFRP USP, Dept Phys & Chem, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOVE-JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS; n. 169 MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Natural products provide structurally different substances, with a myriad of biological activities. However, the identification and isolation of active compounds from plants are challenging because of the complex plant matrix and time-consuming isolation and identification procedures. Therefore, a stepwise approach for screening natural compounds from plants, including the isolation and identification of potentially active molecules, is presented. It includes the collection of the plant material; preparation and fractionation of crude extracts; chromatography and spectrometry (UHPLC-DAD-HRMS and NMR) approaches for analysis and compounds identification; bioassays (antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities; bacterial ``adhesion strength{''} to the salivary pellicle and initial glucan matrix treated with selected treatments); and data analysis. The model is simple, reproducible, and allows high-throughput screening of multiple compounds, concentrations, and treatment steps can be consistently controlled. The data obtained provide the foundation for future studies, including formulations with the most active extracts and/or fractions, isolation of molecules, modeling molecules to specific targets in microbial cells and biofilms. For example, one target to control cariogenic biofilm is to inhibit the activity of Streptococcus mutans glucosyltransferases that synthesize the extracellular matrix' glucans. The inhibition of those enzymes prevents the biofilm build-up, decreasing its virulence. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50926-0 - INCT 2014: biodiversity and natural products
Grantee:Vanderlan da Silva Bolzani
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07600-3 - CIBFar - Center for Innovation in Biodiversity and Drug Discovery
Grantee:Glaucius Oliva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 12/21921-4 - Proteomics of two varieties of Casearia Sylvestris SW. (Salicaceae)
Grantee:Paula Carolina Pires Bueno
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/07408-6 - Evaluation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of extracts and fractions from plants against oral pathogenic microorganisms
Grantee:Sabrina Marcela Ribeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 19/23175-7 - Formulations based on extracts and fractions from Casearia sylvestris for controlling cariogenic biofilm
Grantee:Sabrina Marcela Ribeiro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/21440-3 - Infra-specific chemical variability and dynamics of phenolic and diterpenic secondary metabolites in Casearia sylvestris Sw (Salicaceae) from different Brazilian ecosystems: metabolomics and proteomics correlation
Grantee:Paula Carolina Pires Bueno
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate