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RECK-mediated inhibition of glioma migration with changes in cytoskeleton and focal adhesion

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Raquel Brandão Haga
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Silvya Stuchi Maria Engler; Marilene Hohmuth Lopes; Sueli Mieko Oba Shinjo
Advisor: Silvya Stuchi Maria Engler

Gliomas are highly invasive, treatment-resistant and lethal tumors. Overexpression of RECK in human glioma cell line T98G decreased cell migration and invasion in vitro, lead to cytoskeleton rearrangement and caused changes in phospho-FAK distribution. However, the pathway involved in RECK-mediated inhibition of cell migration has not been elucidated yet. To study the mechanisms by which RECK affects cell motility, T98G cells were transfected with pCXN2-hRECK vector (RECK+). Some proteins involved in the integrin pathway, activity of some proteins of RhoGTPase family and cytoskeleton proteins were analyzed through immunoblotting, immunostaining and pull-down assay in RECK+ cells and compared with non-transfected T98G cells, T98G transfected with pCXN2 without RECK gene and human primary fibroblasts (FF287). Our results showed an increase in integrin β1 expression and a decrease in FAK phosphorylation in the Tyr397 site, which together with the increase of stress fibers and decrease of lamellipodia, suggest a less migratory phenotype. Despite this, Rac1 activity was increased even though one of Rac activation pathways is through phospho-FAK, leading to lamellipodium formation. Our hypotheses is that RECK affects focal adhesion turnover, diminishing cell motility. As cells are still receiving a positive signal to migrate, they activate Rac1 through a FAK-independent pathway. Besides that, paxillin immunostaining showed that focal adhesions are larger in RECK+ cells, indicating that RECK can influence structures related with cell-matrix contact. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/12135-2 - RECK-mediated inhibition of glioma migration with changes in cytoskeleton and focal adhesion
Grantee:Raquel Brandão Haga
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master