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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic on the gut microbiota of autistic children using an in vitro gut microbiome model

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Author(s):
Duque, Ana Luiza Rocha Faria [1] ; Demarqui, Fernanda Manaia [2] ; Santoni, Mariana Marchi [2] ; Zanelli, Cleslei Fernando [2] ; Adorno, Maria Angela Tallarico [3] ; Milenkovic, Dragan [4, 5] ; Mesa, Victoria [6, 7] ; Sivieri, Katia [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Food & Nutr, Rodovia Araraquara Jau Km 1, BR-14800903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Biol Sci, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Univ S ao Paulo USP, Dept Hydraul & Sanitat, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[4] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Internal Med, UC Davis Sch Med, Davis, CA 95616 - USA
[5] Univ Clermont Auvergne, INRAE, UNH, St Genes Champanelle - France
[6] Univ Antioquia, Food & Human Nutr Res Grp, Medellin - Colombia
[7] Paris Univ, Fac Pharm, Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Food Research International; v. 149, NOV 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Imbalances in gut microbiota composition occur in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The administration of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics is emerging as a potential and promising strategy for regulating the gut microbiota and improving ASD-related symptoms. We first investigated the survival of the probiotics Limosilactobacillus (L.) reuteri and Bifidobacterium (B.) longum alone, mixed and combined with a galacto-oligosaccharide (GOS) under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Next, we evaluated the impact of probiotics (L. reuteri + B. longum), prebiotic (GOS), and synbiotic (L. reuteri + B. longum + GOS) on gut microbiota composition and metabolism of children with ASD using an in vitro fermentation model (SHIME (R)). The combination of L. reuteri, B. longum, and GOS showed elevated gastrointestinal resistance. The probiotic, prebiotic, and synbiotic treatments resulted in a positive modulation of the gut microbiota and metabolic activity of children with ASD. More specifically, the probiotic treatment increased the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, while the prebiotic treatment increased the relative abundance of Bifidobacterium and decreased the relative abundance of Lachnoclostridium. Changes in microbial metabolism were associated with increased short-chain fatty acid concentrations and reduced ammonium levels, particularly in the prebiotic and synbiotic treatments. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/26645-1 - Impact of synbiotic on gut microbiota and social behaviors associated with neurodevelopmental disorders.
Grantee:Ana Luiza Rocha Faria Duque
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/01157-1 - Effect of Psychobiotic on Autism Spectrum Disorder
Grantee:Ana Luiza Rocha Faria Duque
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate