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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

In situ arsenic speciation at the soil/water interface of saline-alkaline lakes of the Pantanal, Brazil: A DGT-based approach

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Viana, Jose Lucas Martins [1] ; de Souza, Adriana Felix [1] ; Hernandez, Amauris Hechavarria [1] ; Elias, Lucas Pellegrini [2] ; Eismann, Carlos Eduardo [2] ; Rezende-Filho, Ary Tavares [3] ; Barbiero, Laurent [4] ; Menegario, Amauri Antonio [2] ; Fostier, Anne Helene [1]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, UNICAMP, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Environm Studies Ctr, Av 24-A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ South Mato Grosso UFMS, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[4] Univ P Sabatier, Geosci Environm Toulouse GET, CNRS, IRD, OMP, 14 Ave Edouard Belin, F-F31400 Toulouse - France
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Science of The Total Environment; v. 804, JAN 15 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring element in the Earth's crust, exhibiting toxicity towards a wide range of living organisms. Its properties and environmental dynamics are strongly regulated by its speciation, and the species As (III) and As(V) are the most commonly found in environmental systems. Recently, high concentrations of As were found in saline-alkaline lakes of the Pantanal (Brazil), which is the largest wetland area in the world. Therefore, we evaluated As contamination and its redox speciation (As(III) and As(V)) at the soil/water interface of biogeochemically distinct saline-alkaline lakes of Pantanal wetlands (Brazil). Both conventional sampling and in situ diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique were employed. Zirconium oxide and 3-mercaptopropyl were used as ligand phases in DGT to selectively bind As species. High concentrations of total dissolved As in a shallow water table were found (<2337.5 mu g L-1), whereas levels in soils were up to 2.4 mu g g(-1). Distinct scenarios were observed when comparing speciation analysis through spot sampling and DGT. Considering spot sampling, As(V) was the main species detected, whereas As(III) was only detected in only a few samples (<4.2 mu g L-1). Conversely, results obtained by DGT showed that labile As(III) dominated arsenic speciation at the soil/water interface with levels up to 203.0 mu g L-1. Coupling DGT data and DGT induced fluxes in sediments and soils model allowed obtaining kinetic data, showing that the soil barely participated in the arsenic dynamics on the shore of the lakes, and that this participation depends on the evapoconcentration process occurring in the region. Therefore, soil acts like a nonreactive matrix depending on the natural concentration process. In addition, our results reinforced the different geochemical characteristics of the studied saline-alkaline lakes and highlights the importance of robust passive sampling techniques in the context of metal/metalloid speciation in environ-mental analysis. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/14227-5 - Climatic changes and environmental impacts in wetlands of Pantanal region (Brazil): quantification, control factors and long term temporal modeling
Grantee:Adolpho José Melfi
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/17069-7 - Evaluation of the biogeoavailability of metals and semimetals in soils using the diffusive gradient in thin film technique
Grantee:Amauri Antonio Menegário
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/18124-4 - Fluxes, speciation and bioavailability of arsenic at the water/sediment interface in alkaline lakes of the Pantanal of Nhecolândia using DGT
Grantee:José Lucas Martins Viana
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/07359-0 - In situ evaluation of the lability of trace metals at Pantanal of Nhecolândia, MS, Brazil, using DGT technique with mixed binding layer for simultaneouse determination of cations e anions
Grantee:Carlos Eduardo Eismann
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate