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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Brazilian intergovernmental fiscal transfer for conservation: A successful but self-limiting incentive program

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Ruggiero, P. G. C. [1, 2] ; Pfaff, A. [2] ; Pereda, P. [3] ; Nichols, E. [1] ; Metzger, J. P. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Duke Univ, Sanford Sch Publ Policy, Durham, NC - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Econ Adm & Accountabil, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS; v. 191, JAN 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Brazil's ecological intergovernmental fiscal transfer (ICMS-E) is a conservation incentive for protected areas (PAs). It redistributes tax revenues to reward municipalities for hosting PAs. To quantify its impact on the creation of state and municipal PAs, we used panel regressions on a longitudinal municipality dataset that combined information on PA creation and ICMS-E implementation for the 1467 municipalities in 6 Brazilian states in the Atlantic Forest region that never changed borders, from 1987 to 2016. We found that the percent of the municipal area covered with state or municipal PAs increased as a consequence of ICMS-E implementation. However, the magnitude of this effect declined as the ICMS-E revenue is shared more widely due to the expansion of PAs that reduced the gain from new PAs. We also found that ICMS-E policy primarily spurred the creation of PAs with less restrictive rules - similar to IUCN category V reserves - mainly by municipalities. For more restrictive PAs with higher local costs for municipalities, ICMS-E promoted state-proposed PAs but not municipal PAs. Our results suggest that states used ICMS-E to incentivize local implementation of their conservation preferences, including strict conservation, while municipal governments responded mostly with low-cost actions to increase their revenues. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/11676-8 - Quantifying the mechanistic basis for disease-regulation ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes
Grantee:Elizabeth Stevens Nichols
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 15/16587-6 - Effectiveness of payment for environmental services mechanism
Grantee:Patricia Guidão Cruz Ruggiero
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/23457-6 - Interface project: relationships among landscape structure, ecological processes, biodiversity and ecosystem services
Grantee:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Support Opportunities: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/20245-9 - The impact of the Ecological Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfer (Ecological ICMS) on the expansion of protected areas and forest regeneration in Brazil
Grantee:Patricia Guidão Cruz Ruggiero
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate