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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Positive forest cover effects on coffee yields are consistent across regions

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Author(s):
Gonzalez-Chaves, Adrian [1] ; Carvalheiro, Luisa G. [2, 3] ; Garibaldi, Lucas A. [4, 5] ; Metzger, Jean Paul [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencia, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Lisbon, Fac Ciencias, Ctr Ecol Evolut & Environm Changes CE3C, Lisbon - Portugal
[3] Univ Fed Goias UFG, Dept Ecol, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] Univ Nacl Rio Negro, Inst Invest Recursos Nat Agroecol & Desarrollo Ru, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro - Argentina
[5] Inst Invest Recursos Nat Agroecol & Desarrollo Ru, Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro - Argentina
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY; v. 59, n. 1 NOV 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

1. Enhancing biodiversity-based ecosystem services can generate win-win opportunities for conservation and agricultural production. Pollination and pest control are two essential agricultural services provided by mobile organisms, many depending on native vegetation networks beyond the farm scale. Many studies have evaluated the effects of landscape changes on such services at small scales. However, several landscape management policies (e.g. selection of conservation sites) and associated funding allocation occur at much larger spatial scales (e.g. state or regional level). Therefore, it is essential to understand whether the links between landscape, ecosystem services and crop yields are robust across broad and heterogeneous regional conditions. 2. Here, we used data from 610 Brazilian municipalities within the Atlantic Forest region (similar to 50 Mha) and show that forest is a crucial factor affecting coffee yields, regardless of regional variations in soil, climate and management practices. We found forest cover surrounding coffee fields was better at predicting coffee yields than forest cover at the municipality level. Moreover, the positive effect of forest cover on coffee yields was stronger for Coffea canephora, the species with higher pollinator dependence, than for Coffea arabica. Overall, coffee yields were highest when they were near to forest fragments, mostly in landscapes with intermediate to high forest cover (>20%), above the biodiversity extinction threshold. 3. Coffee cover was the most relevant management practice associated with coffee yield prediction. An increase in crop area was associated with a higher yield, but mostly in high forest covers municipalities. Other localized management practices like irrigation, pesticide use, organic manure and honeybee density had little importance in predicting coffee yields than landscape structure parameters. Neither the climatic or topographic variables were as relevant as forest cover at predicting coffee yields. 4. Synthesis and application. Our work provides evidence that landscape relationships with ecosystem service provision are consistent across regions with different agricultural practices and environmental conditions. These results provide a way in which landscape management can articulate small landscape management with regional conservation goals. Policies directed towards increasing landscape interspersion of coffee fields with forest remnants favour spillover process, and can thus benefit the provision of biodiversity-based ecosystem services, increasing agricultural productivity. Such interventions can generate win-win situations favouring biodiversity conservation and increased crop yields across large regions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/19411-1 - Bee conservation and pollination service provision: using a landscape approach to reach a common goal
Grantee:Adrian David González Chaves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/06330-6 - Forest cover and isolation affect annual coffee productivity in the Atlantic Forest region
Grantee:Adrian David González Chaves
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/23457-6 - Interface project: relationships among landscape structure, ecological processes, biodiversity and ecosystem services
Grantee:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants