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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The relativistic parsec-scale jets of the blazars TXS 0506+056 and PKS 0502+049 and their possible association with gamma-ray flares and neutrino production

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Sumida, Viktor Y. D. [1, 2] ; Schutzer, A. de A. [3] ; Caproni, A. [1] ; Abraham, Z. [4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Cidade Sao Paulo, Nucleo Astrofis, R Galvao Bueno 868, BR-01506000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Cruzeiro Sul, R Galvao Bueno 868, BR-01506000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Grenoble Alpes, IPAG, CNRS, F-38000 Grenoble - France
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, R Matao 1226, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 509, n. 2, p. 1646-1663, JAN 2022.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The physical nature of the mechanism responsible for the emission of neutrinos in active galactic nuclei (AGNs) has been matter of debate in the literature, with relativistic jets of radio-loud AGNs as possible candidates to be the sources of high-energy neutrinos. The most prominent candidate so far is the blazar TXS 0506+056, which is found to be associated with the neutrino event IceCube-170922A. Furthermore, the IceCube reported an excess of neutrinos towards TXS 0506+056 between September 2014 and March 2015, even though this association needs additional investigation, considering the presence of a nearby gamma-ray source, the quasar PKS 0502+049. Motivated by this, we studied the parsec-scale structures of TXS 0506+056 and PKS 0502+049 through radio interferometry at 8 and 15 GHz. We identified twelve jet components in TXS 0506+056 and seven components in PKS 0502+049. The most reliable jet components show superluminal speeds ranging from 9.5c to 66c in the case of TXS 0506+056, and from 14.3c to 59c for PKS 0502+049, which were used to estimate a lower (upper) limit for the Lorentz factor (jet viewing angle) for both sources. A novel approach using simultaneously the brightness temperature of the core region and the apparent speeds of the jet components allowed us to infer basic jet parameters for TXS 0506+056 at distinct epochs. We also found that the emergence of new jet components coincides with the occurrence of gamma-ray flares. Interestingly, two of these coincidences in the case of PKS 0502+049 and one for TXS 0506+056 seems to be correlated with neutrino events detected by the IceCube Observatory. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/25651-5 - Numerical studies of extragalactic objects in the local universe and at high redshifts
Grantee:Anderson Caproni
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/11156-4 - What drives the stellar mass growth of Early-Type galaxies? Born or made: the saga continues
Grantee:Reinaldo Ramos de Carvalho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants