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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ystamine reduces vascular stiffness in Western diet-fed female mic

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Ramirez-Perez, I, Francisco ; Cabral-Amador, Francisco J. [1] ; Whaley-Connell, Adam T. [2, 3, 4] ; Aroor, Annayya R. [2, 3] ; Morales-Quinones, Mariana [1] ; Woodford, Makenzie L. [1] ; Ghiarone, Thaysa [1] ; Ferreira-Santos, Larissa [1, 5] ; Jurrissen, Thomas J. [6, 1] ; Manrique-Acevedo, Camila M. [2, 1, 3] ; Jia, GuangHong [2, 3] ; DeMarco, Vincent G. [7, 2, 3, 4] ; Padilla, Jaume [6, 1] ; Martinez-Lemus, Luis A. [7, 1, 8] ; Lastra, Guido [2, 3]
Total Authors: 15
[1] Ramirez-Perez, Francisco, I, Univ Missouri, Dalton Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[2] Harry S Truman Mem Vet Hosp, Res Serv, Columbia, MO 65201 - USA
[3] Univ Missouri, Dept Internal Med, Div Endocrinol & Diabet, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[4] Univ Missouri, Dept Med, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Columbia, MO - USA
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Hosp Clin, Fac Med, Inst Coracao, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Missouri, Dept Nutr & Exercise Physiol, Columbia, MO - USA
[7] Univ Missouri, Dept Med Pharmacol & Physiol, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[8] Ramirez-Perez, Francisco, I, Univ Missouri, Biomed Biol & Chem Engn Dept, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Consumption of diets high in fat, sugar, and salt (Western diet, WD) is associated with accelerated arterial stiffening, a major independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Women with obesity are more prone to develop arterial stiffening leading to more frequent and severe CVD compared with men. As tissue transglutaminase (TG2) has been implicated in vascular stiffening, our goal herein was to determine the efficacy of cystamine, a nonspecific TG2 inhibitor, at reducing vascular stiffness in female mice chronically fed a WD. Three experimental groups of female mice were created. One was fed regular chow diet (CD) for 43 wk starting at 4 wk of age. The second was fed a WD for the same 43 wk, whereas a third cohort was fed WD, but also received cystamine (216 mg/kg/day) in the drinking water during the last 8 wk on the diet (WD + C). All vascular stiffness parameters assessed, including aortic pulse wave velocity and the incremental modulus of elasticity of isolated femoral and mesenteric arteries, were significantly increased in WD- versus CD-fed mice, and reduced in WD + C versus WD-fed mice. These changes coincided with respectively augmented and diminished vascular wall collagen and F-actin content, with no associated effect in blood pressure. In cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells, cystamine reduced TG2 activity, F-actin:G-actin ratio, collagen compaction capacity, and cellular stiffness. We conclude that cystamine treatment represents an effective approach to reduce vascular stiffness in female mice in the setting of WD consumption, likely because of its TG2 inhibitory capacity. NEW \& NOTEWORTHY This study evaluates the novel role of transglutaminase 2 (TG2) inhibition to directly treat vascular stiffness. Our data demonstrate that cystamine, a nonspecific TG2 inhibitor, improves vascular stiffness induced by a diet rich in fat, fructose, and salt. This research suggests that TG2 inhibition might bear therapeutic potential to reduce the disproportionate burden of cardiovascular disease in females in conditions of chronic overnutrition. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/18854-0 - Role of ADAM17 in mediating vascular insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
Grantee:Larissa Ferreira dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate