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Structural, conformational and orientational effects on the chitosan interaction with cell membrane models

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Adriana Pavinatto
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos (IQSC/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Sergio Paulo Campana Filho; Rosangela Itri; Edvani Curti Muniz; Osvaldo Novais de Oliveira Junior
Advisor: Sergio Paulo Campana Filho; Osvaldo Novais de Oliveira Junior

Many biological applications of chitosan depend on its interaction with cell membranes, whose mechanism at the molecular level is not known. In this thesis, Langmuir films from the phospholipids dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl choline (DPPC), dipalmitoyl phosphatidyl glycerol (DPPG) and dimyristoyl phosphatidic acid (DMPA) were used to mimic the cell membrane, and effects from the hydroxyl and amine groups in chitosan on the film properties were evaluated. For this, O-acylchitosans were produced by acylation reaction, resulting in the derivatives 3,6 - O,O\' - diacetylchitosan (DECT) and 3,6 - O,O\'- dipropionylchitosan (DPPCT), which are soluble in acidic aqueous solution, and 3,6 - O,O\'- dimyristoylchitosan (DMCT) and 3,6 - O,O\'- dipalmitoylchitosan (DPCT), soluble in chloroform. DECT and DPPCT affect the surface pressure and elasticity of the films more strongly than chitosan, especially DPPCT that is more hydrophobic. This indicates that hydrogen bonds involving the hydroxyl groups from chitosan are not essential for the interaction. Polarization-modulated infrared reflection absorption (PM-IRRAS) spectra confirmed hydrophobic interactions with penetration of derivatives between the phospholipid molecules. DECT induces ordering in the chains, while the opposite occurs for DPPCT. DMCT and DPCT form highly compressed films with aggregation, as shown by surface pressure and surface potential isotherms. The results on the importance of amino groups were inconclusive because the attractive behavior between materials may be due to either the oppositely charged groups or hydrophobic interactions. Chitosans with different molecular weights (high - CHMW and low - CLMW) were used to obtain information about the chitosan and phospholipids chemical groups orientation and polymer conformation in solution. PM-IRRAS spectra indicate greater effect from QBMM on DPPG monolayers, causing a decrease in intensity and shift to higher wavenumbers of the CH bands, inversion in the orientation of the P=O group from DPPG and greater intensity of the amide II band, suggesting greater density of these groups at the interface. The sum-frequency generation (SFG) spectra showed a decrease in ordering/packing of the DPPG chains, increased spacing between molecules and gauche defects. Overall, the O-acyl derivatives of chitosan have greater effect on cell membrane models, owing to hydrophobic forces, being therefore more suitable for biological applications that depend on this interaction. Also important for the interaction is the electrostatic attraction, with more relevant effects observed with low-molecular weight chitosans. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/07178-1 - Structural, conformational and orientational effects involved in the chitosan interaction with cell membrane models
Grantee:Adriana Pavinatto da Costa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate