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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Comparative analysis of patients’ survival on hemodialysis vs. peritoneal dialysis and identification of factors associated with death

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Author(s):
Carolina Aparecida de Almeida Vicentini [1] ; Daniela Ponce [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Universidade Estadual Paulista. Faculdade de Medicina - Brasil
[2] Universidade Estadual Paulista. Hospital das Clínicas. Faculdade de Medicina - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: J. Bras. Nefrol.; 2022-05-04.
Abstract

Abstract Introduction: There are several studies comparing the outcomes of patients treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), and most are divergent. Methods: This is a cohort study that followed patients with incident PD and HD in a planned and unplanned way, in a dialysis unit of the HCFMB from 01/2014 to 01/2019, until the outcome. We collected clinical and laboratory data. The PD and HD groups, death and non-death outcomes, were compared using the chi-square test for categorical variables and t-test, or Mann-Whitney test for continuous variables. Kaplan Meier curve and log-rank test were used for survival. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox regression. The significant difference was p < 0.05. Results: We had 592 patients, 290 treated by HD and 302 by PD. The mean age was 59.9 ± 16.8, with a predominance of males (56.3%), the main underlying disease was diabetes (45%); 29% of the patients died. There was no difference in the survival of patients treated by HD and PD. The oldest age (1.018 (95% CI 1.000-1.037; p=0.046)) was identified as a risk factor for death, while the highest number of infection-free days (0.999 (95% CI 0.999-1.000; p=0.003 )) as a protective factor. Conclusion: The analysis reinforced that the survival of patients on HD and PD was similar. Higher age and shorter infection-free time were associated with death. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/25724-8 - Comparative analysis of the survival rates between hemodialysis vs. peritoneal dialysis patients and identification of the factors associated with death
Grantee:Carolina Aparecida de Almeida Vicentini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation