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Three decades of institutional change: how did parliamentarians change the rules of the post-1988 Brazilian decision-making process?

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Gessica De Freitas
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Campinas, SP.
Institution: Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Andréa Marcondes de Freitas; Acir dos Santos Almeida; Oswaldo Martins Estanislau do Amaral
Advisor: Andréa Marcondes de Freitas

Although there is a consensus in the institutionalist literature regarding identifying institutions as conditions for certain patterns of behavior, we are still insufficient in understanding the causes and effects of their mutations, especially when caused by their own internal political actors. Congress often discusses and changes the rules relating to its own organization, its functioning, and its decision-making process, and it does so through internal resolutions, matters exclusive to the National Congress or each of its houses, the Chamber of Deputies, and the Federal Senate. From 1989 to 2018, the last full legislature, the legislative houses approved 152 resolutions that refer to changes in its functioning and organization. How did these parliamentarians alter their institutions? What prompted this change? Could it be operated strategically for a greater reach of parliamentary interests? If endogenous change is an instrument loaded with implications for power arrangements and can be strategically mobilized by individuals or coalitions in dispute for it, understanding the multiple interests of parliamentarians that support choices about legislative institutions is fundamental to explaining the policy of institutional change in Congresses (Schickler, 2001). Based on the analysis of these approved resolutions, this research can contribute to a better understanding of Brazilian legislative institutions, how they condition patterns of behavior, and, more than that, how they can be modified by the very actors whose behaviors they can condition. Our hypothesis is that Senators and Deputies strategically proposed and approved these changes, aiming to expand their legislative power and that the changes then generated by the approval of resolutions gradually enabled a change in the functioning standards of the Brazilian decision-making process. The research uses data from CEBRAP's Legislative Database and the Chamber of Deputies and Federal Senate websites (AU)

FAPESP's process: 21/00948-0 - The Brazilian decision-making process after-88: three decades of gradual change
Grantee:Géssica Batista de Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master