Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Comparative study of the atmospheric chemical composition of three South American cities

Full text
Author(s):
Vasconcellos, Perola C. [1] ; Souza, Davi Z. [2] ; Avila, Simone G. [1] ; Araujo, Maria P. [1] ; Naoto, Edson [1] ; Nascimento, Katia H. [1] ; Cavalcante, Fernando S. [1] ; Dos Santos, Marina [3, 4] ; Smichowski, Patricia [3, 4] ; Behrentz, Eduardo [5]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Pesquisas Nucl, Ctr Quim & Meio Ambiente, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Comis Nacl Energia Atom, RA-1429 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[4] Consejo Natl Invest Cient & Tecn CONICET, RA-1033 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[5] Univ Los Andes, Grp Estudios Sostenibilidad Urbana & Reg, Bogota - Colombia
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Atmospheric Environment; v. 45, n. 32, p. 5770-5777, OCT 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 20
Abstract

PM(10) samples were collected in 2008 at three sites in South America in the framework of an international project (South American Emissions Megacities, and Climate; SAEMC). The concentration of metals, metalloids, ion and organic compounds of most PM(10) samples collected at three sites (Buenos Aires (BAI), Bogota (BOG) and Sao Paulo (SPA)) is below the air quality standard of the respective countries. At the sites n-alkanes and carbon preference index distribution indicated the influence of petroleum residues derived from vehicular emissions. Most PAH detected are attributed to light-duty gasoline vehicles and to stationary sources. At all sites benzo{[}a]pyrene equivalent values mean a significant cancer risk. Sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium and sodium are the most abundant water-soluble ions at the three sites. Ammonium sulfate is likely the form presented for these species formed by photochemical reactions of precursors emitted mainly by vehicles. At BAI and SPA, formate/acetate ratios indicated the contribution of photochemical reactions; on the contrary, at BOG site, acetate is predominant, indicating strong contribution of vehicular emissions. Sao Paulo samples showed the highest concentrations of elements among all the sites. None of the toxic or potentially toxic elements exceed the guideline values of the World Health Organization. At BAI site earth crust seems to be the major source of Fe and Mn; at SPA, anthropogenic source is responsible for Pb and Zn presences. Traffic related element is well correlated at the three sites. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/51476-1 - Organic compounds indicators of natural and anthropic emissions
Grantee:Pérola de Castro Vasconcellos
Support type: Regular Research Grants