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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antimutagenic Potential of Solanum lycocarpum against Induction of Chromosomal Aberrations in V79 Cells and Micronuclei in Mice by Doxorubicin

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Tavares, Denise Crispim [1] ; Munari, Carla Carolina [1] ; de Freitas Araujo, Marcelo Gonzaga [1] ; Beltrame, Mariana Correa [1] ; Furtado, Michelle Andrade [1] ; Goncalves, Camila Costa [1] ; Jorge Tiossi, Renata Fabiane [2] ; Bastos, Jairo Kenupp [2] ; Cunha, Wilson Roberto [1] ; Sola Veneziani, Rodrigo Cassio [1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Franca, Nucleo Pesquisas Ciencias Exatas & Tecnol, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Farmacognosia, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Planta Medica; v. 77, n. 13, p. 1489-1494, SEP 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 10

Solanum lycocarpum A. St. Hil. (Solanaceae) is a hairy shrub or small much-branched tree of the Brazilian Cerrado. S. lycocarpum fruits are commonly used in traditional medicine in powder form or as folk preparations for the treatment of diabetes and obesity, as well as for controlling cholesterol levels. The aim of the present study was to chemically characterize the hydroalcoholic extract (SL) of S. lycocarpum by determination of total flavonoids and total poyphenols and quantification of steroidal alkaloids, as well as to evaluate its mutagenic and/or antimutagenic potential on V79 cells and Swiss mice using chromosomal aberrations and bone marrow micronucleus assays, respectively. Three concentrations of SL (16, 32, and 24 mu g/mL) were used for the evaluation of its mutagenic potential in V79 cells and four doses (0.25, 0.50, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg body weight) were used for Swiss mice. In the antimutagenicity assays, the different concentrations of SL were combined with the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DXR). HPLC analysis of SL gave contents of 6.57% +/- 0.41 of solasonine and 4.60% +/- 0.40 of solamargine. Total flavonoids and polyphenols contents in SL were 0.04 and 3.60%, respectively. The results showed that not only SL exerted no mutagenic effect, but it also significantly reduced the frequency of chromosomal aberrations induced by DXR in both V79 cells and micronuclei in Swiss mice at the doses tested. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/15871-1 - Evaluation of cytotoxic, antigenotoxic, antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activities of Solanum lycocarpum and its majoritary compounds on in vitro and in vivo mammalian cells
Grantee:Carla Carolina Munari
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 07/07211-6 - Study of mutagenic and/or antimutagenic activity of Baccharis dracunculifolia and Artepillin C in mammalian cells
Grantee:Denise Crispim Tavares Barbosa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants