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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Are you experienced? Predator type and predator experience trade-offs in relation to tadpole mortality rates

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Author(s):
Nomura, F. [1] ; do Prado, V. H. M. [2] ; da Silva, F. R. [2] ; Borges, R. E. [3] ; Dias, N. Y. N. [4] ; Rossa-Feres, D. de C. [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Goias, UFG, Dept Ecol, BR-74001970 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Rio Verde, FESURV, Rio Verde, Go - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Dept Vertebrados, Programa Posgrad Zool, UFRJ, Musei Nacl, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY; v. 284, n. 2, p. 144-150, JUN 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 15
Abstract

Cryptic behavior and unpalatability are common defensive strategies that occur in different taxonomic groups, but the effectiveness of these defensive strategies is context dependent, varying with predator type and co-occurring species. We tested this assumption by measuring the mortality rates of Eupemphix nattereri (cryptic behavior) and Rhinella schneideri (unpalatable) tadpoles in association with the predatory fish Oreochromis niloticus (vertebrate) and the dragonfly larvae of Aeshna sp. (invertebrate). We designed a second experiment to evaluate whether fish predators are capable of learning to avoid unpalatable prey once they have encountered it. Our results showed that fish preyed selectively on palatable tadpoles, avoiding unpalatable tadpoles and that the odonate larvae were more efficient in preying on the more active unpalatable tadpoles and less efficient in capturing those tadpoles that presented cryptic behaviors. Additionally, our data suggest that the antipredator traits of tadpoles can interact with each other, with cryptic tadpoles showing lesser mortality when co-occurring with unpalatable tadpoles and odonate predators. Unpalatable tadpoles also increase the mortality of cryptic tadpoles in the presence of experienced fish predators. These prey traits interact in modifying the prey preference of the predator, which constitutes a prey-induced trait-mediated interaction (TMI). This type of TMI is dependent on the system complexity (number of predator and prey species interactions) and could define food web properties, such as the role of predators and the number of competitor species in the system. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/51534-1 - Use of forest remnants by anurans in the North-east region of the State of São Paulo
Grantee:Vitor Hugo Mendonça do Prado
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate