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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of ion exchange on the sinter-crystallisation of low expansion Li2O center dot Al2O3 center dot SiO2 glass-ceramics

Author(s):
Soares, Viviane O. [1] ; Paula, Gustavo R. [1] ; Peitl, Oscar [1] ; Zanotto, Edgar D. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Glass Technology-European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A; v. 52, n. 2, p. 50-54, APR 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

In this work we propose an ion exchange (IE) treatment to minimize surface crystallization and thus improve the sintering of compacts made of glass particles. This concept was tested by subjecting glass powders of the LiO(2)-Al(2)O(3)-SiO(2) (LAS) system to molten KNO(3) IE treatment aimed at developing a low thermal expansion glass-ceramic via sinter-crystallisation. The relative densities of treated and untreated glass powder compacts sintered at different temperatures were compared and suitable IF and sintering temperatures were selected. Optical microscopy, x-ray diffraction, dilatometry and scanning electron microscopy were used to characterise the sintered samples. The proposed IE decreased the optimum sintering temperature from 1100 to 1000 degrees C and yet allowed the formation of virgilite, a desirable beta-quartz solid solution having a negative thermal expansion coefficient. The compositional changes in surface of the glass particles caused by IE diminished the crystallisation tendency, which resulted in a smaller volume fraction of virgilite, thus increasing the overall thermal expansion coefficient of the resulting glass-ceramic. However, by mixing IE-treated with untreated powder this effect has been controlled leading to a glass-ceramic with low residual porosity (<1.5%) and a relatively low thermal expansion coefficient (1.6x10(-6)degrees C(-1), between 40 and 500 degrees C). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/08179-9 - Kinetic processes in glasses and glass ceramics
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants