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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Glucose-Induced Regulation of NHEs Activity and SGLTs Expression Involves the PKA Signaling Pathway

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Author(s):
Beloto-Silva, Olivia [1] ; Machado, Ubiratan Fabres [1] ; Oliveira-Souza, Maria [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Physiol & Biophys, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Membrane Biology; v. 239, n. 3, p. 157-165, FEB 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

The effect of glucose on the intracellular pH (pH(i)) recovery rate (dpH(i)/dt) and Na(+)-glucose transporter (SGLT) localization was investigated in HEK-293 cells, a cell line that expresses endogenous NHE1, NHE3, SGLT1, and SGLT2 proteins. The activity of the Na(+)/H(+) exchangers (NHEs) was evaluated by using fluorescence microscopy. The total and membrane protein expression levels were analyzed by immunoblotting. In cells cultivated in 5 mM glucose, the pH(i) recovery rate was 0.169 +/- A 0.020 (n = 6). This value did not change in response to the acute presence of glucose at 2 or 10 mM, but decreased with 25 mM glucose, an effect that was not observed with 25 mM mannitol. Conversely, the chronic effect of high glucose (25 mM) increased the pH(i) recovery rate (similar to 40%, P < 0.05), without changes in the total levels of NHE1, NHE3, or SGLT1 expression, but increasing the total cellular (similar to 50%, P < 0.05) and the plasma membrane (similar to 100%, P < 0.01) content of SGLT2. Treatment with H-89 (10(-6) M) prevented the stimulatory effect of chronic glucose treatment on the pH(i) recovery rate and SGLT2 expression in the plasma membrane. Our results indicate that the effect of chronic treatment with a high glucose concentration is associated with increased NHEs activity and plasma membrane expression of SGLT2 in a protein kinase A-dependent way. The present results reveal mechanisms of glucotoxicity and may contribute to understanding the diabetes-induced damage of this renal epithelial cell. (AU)