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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Does viscosity describe the kinetic barrier for crystal growth from the liquidus to the glass transition?

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Author(s):
Ferreira Nascimento, Marcio Luis [1, 2] ; Zanotto, Edgar Dutra [3]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Bahia, Inst Humanities Arts & Sci, BR-40170115 Salvador, BA - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Bahia, PROTEC PEI Postgrad Program Ind Engn, Polytech Sch, BR-40210630 Salvador, BA - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Mat Engn, Vitreous Mat Lab, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Chemical Physics; v. 133, n. 17 NOV 7 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 53
Abstract

An analysis of the kinetic coefficient of crystal growth U(kin), recently proposed by Ediger et al. {[}J. Chem. Phys. 128, 034709 (2008)], indicates that the Stokes-Einstein/Eyring (SE/E) equation does not describe the diffusion process controlling crystal growth rates in fragile glass-forming liquids. U(kin) was defined using the normal growth model and tested for crystal data for inorganic and organic liquids covering a viscosity range of about 10(4)-10(12) Pa s. Here, we revisit their interesting finding considering two other models: the screw dislocation (SD) and the two-dimensional surface nucleated (2D) growth models for nine undercooled oxide liquids, in a wider temperature range, from slightly below the melting point down to the glass transition region T(g), thus covering a wider viscosity range: 10(1)-10(13) Pa s. We then propose and use normalized kinetic coefficients (M(kin)) for the SD and 2D growth models. These new kinetic coefficients restore the ability of viscosity to describe the transport part of crystal growth rates (M(kin) similar to 1/eta and xi similar to 1) from low to moderate viscosities (eta < 10(6) Pa s), and thus the SE/E equation works well in this viscosity range for all systems tested. For strong glasses, the SE/E equation works well from low to high viscosities, from the melting point down to Tg! However, for at least three fragile liquids, diopside (kink at 1.08T(g), eta=1.6 x 10(8) Pa s), lead metasilicate (kink at 1.14T(g), eta=4.3 x 10(6) Pa s), and lithium disilicate (kink at 1.11T(g), eta=1.6 x 10(8) Pa s), there are clear signs of a breakdown of the SE/ E equation at these higher viscosities. Our results corroborate the findings of Ediger et al. and demonstrate that viscosity data cannot be used to describe the transport part of the crystal growth (via the SE/ E equation) in fragile glasses in the neighborhood of T(g). (C) 2010 American Institute of Physics. {[}doi:10.1063/1.3490793] (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/08179-9 - Kinetic processes in glasses and glass ceramics
Grantee:Edgar Dutra Zanotto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants