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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Aerobic exercise training improves skeletal muscle function and Ca2+ handling-related protein expression in sympathetic hyperactivity-induced heart failure

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Author(s):
Bueno, Jr., C. R. ; Ferreira, J. C. B. ; Pereira, M. G. ; Bacurau, A. V. N. ; Brum, P. C. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Dept Biodinam Movimento Corpo Humano, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Applied Physiology; v. 109, n. 3, p. 702-709, SEP 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 42
Abstract

Bueno CR Jr, Ferreira JC, Pereira MG, Bacurau AV, Brum PC. Aerobic exercise training improves skeletal muscle function and Ca(2+) handling-related protein expression in sympathetic hyperactivity-induced heart failure. J Appl Physiol 109: 702-709, 2010. First published July 1, 2010; doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00281.2010.-The cellular mechanisms of positive effects associated with aerobic exercise training on overall intrinsic skeletal muscle changes in heart failure (HF) remain unclear. We investigated potential Ca(2+) abnormalities in skeletal muscles comprising different fiber compositions and investigated whether aerobic exercise training would improve muscle function in a genetic model of sympathetic hyperactivity-induced HF. A cohort of male 5-mo-old wild-type (WT) and congenic alpha(2A)/alpha(2C) adrenoceptor knockout (ARKO) mice in a C57BL/6J genetic background were randomly assigned into untrained and trained groups. Exercise training consisted of a 8-wk running session of 60 min, 5 days/wk (from 5 to 7 mo of age). After completion of the exercise training protocol, exercise tolerance was determined by graded treadmill exercise test, muscle function test by Rotarod, ambulation and resistance to inclination tests, cardiac function by echocardiography, and Ca(2+) handling-related protein expression by Western blot. alpha(2A)/alpha(2C)ARKO mice displayed decreased ventricular function, exercise intolerance, and muscle weakness paralleled by decreased expression of sarcoplasmic Ca(2+) release-related proteins {[}alpha(1)-, alpha(2)-, and beta(1)-subunits of dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) and ryanodine receptor (RyR)] and Ca(2+) reuptake-related proteins {[}sarco(endo) plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) 1/2 and Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX)] in soleus and plantaris. Aerobic exercise training significantly improved exercise tolerance and muscle function and reestablished the expression of proteins involved in sarcoplasmic Ca(2+) handling toward WT levels. We provide evidence that Ca(2+) handling-related protein expression is decreased in this HF model and that exercise training improves skeletal muscle function associated with changes in the net balance of skeletal muscle Ca(2+) handling proteins. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/59740-7 - Physical exercise and autonomic control in cardiovascular physiopathology
Grantee:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/03143-1 - Protein quality control in heart failure: role of different protein kinase C isozymes
Grantee:Julio Cesar Batista Ferreira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate