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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Natural history and morphology of immature stages of the butterfly Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) on flower buds of Malpighiaceae

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Author(s):
Kaminski, Lucas A. [1] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [1]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment; v. 45, n. 1, p. 11-19, 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 18
Abstract

The natural history and morphology of immature stages of Allosmaitia strophius (Godart) are described and illustrated for the first time, using both light and scanning electron microscopy. The available host plant records for the genus were reviewed suggesting a feeding specialization on reproductive structures of Malpighiaceae. Both concentration of resources in the reproductive tissue of Malpighiaceae and the existence of sequential flowering periods may be important factors involved in the evolution of oligophagy in Allosmaitia. Field and laboratory observations showed that larvae of A. strophius are ignored by tending ants besides the presence of the dorsal nectar organ (DNO). Additionally, larvae present some behavioral and morphological adaptations that were proposed as preventing ant attacks, such as dendritic setae, thick cuticle, perforated cupola organs and absence of a ``beat reflex{''}. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/05101-8 - Lepidoptera of the State of São Paulo: diversity, distribution, resources, and use for analysis and environmental monitoring
Grantee:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 02/08558-6 - Biodiversity and social processes in São Luiz do Paraitinga, São Paulo
Grantee:Paulo Inácio de Knegt López de Prado
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants