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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of postural threat on walking features of Parkinson's disease patients

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Duarte Caetano, Maria Joana [1] ; Bucken Gobbi, Lilian Teresa [1] ; del Rosario Sanchez-Arias, Monica [1] ; Stella, Florindo [1, 2] ; Gobbi, Sebastiao [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Rio Claro, UNESP, Posture & Gait Studies Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, SP, Clin Geriatr Psychiat, Campinas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Neuroscience Letters; v. 452, n. 2, p. 136-140, MAR 13 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 14

This study investigated whether or not gait kinematics among healthy older individuals and Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are influenced by postural threat. Eight healthy older individuals and eight PD patients were examined while walking at self-selected velocities, under three conditions of postural threat: unconstrained floor; constrained floor (19 cm wide); constrained and elevated floor (19 cm wide by 10 cm high). Independent of the surface conditions, due to motor disturbances caused by the PD these patients walked slower, with shorter strides, and spent more time in the double support phase and less time in the swing phase than did their matched controls. Increases in postural threat resulted in altered gait kinematics for all subjects. Specifically, stride length, stride velocity, cadence,and heel contact velocity decreased, and stride duration and double support duration increased relative to increases in postural threat. All gait alterations were the result of participants' attempts to facilitate locomotion control and maintain stability. The results of this study reveal that width and height constraints effectively perturbed the balance of all of the walking older individuals. The PD patients were able to modulate gait parameters when faced by a postural threat task. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/03559-2 - Dynamic balance in elderly with Parkinson’s disease
Grantee:Maria Joana Duarte Caetano
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master