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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Golden Bridge for Nature: The New Biology Applied to Bioplastics

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Rincones, Johana [1] ; Zeidler, Ane F. [1] ; Grassi, Maria Carolina B. [1] ; Carazzolle, Marcelo F. [1, 2] ; Pereira, Goncalo A. G. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Genom & Expressao, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Inst Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Nacl Processamento Alto Desempenho Sao Paulo, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: POLYMER REVIEWS; v. 49, n. 2, p. 85-106, 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 15

There is a common concept in life: large and complex molecules result from the synthesis of units that are later joined together. Mankind learned this principle and employed it to develop language, culture, and technology. This same principle is applied in the petrochemical industry by fractionating the fossilized carbon chains into small molecules and then polymerizing them in order to develop synthetic polymers, which are much more flexible, resistant, and durable than natural polymers. Recent developments in molecular biology have opened the possibility of modifying organisms in order to create new biosynthetic routes for the production of monomers that would fit the biggest challenge in modern society: the production of high quality polymers from renewable feedstocks. This review focuses on the latest advances in molecular biology and the new knowledge and technologies that enable the possibility of converting cells into efficient and sustainable chemical reactors. The first examples of this technological advancement are already in the market. (AU)