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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Endophytic bacteria in long-term in vitro cultivated ``axenic{''} pineapple microplants revealed by PCR-DGGE

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Abreu-Tarazi, Monita F. [1] ; Navarrete, Acacio A. [2] ; Andreote, Fernando D. [3] ; Almeida, Cristina V. [4] ; Tsai, Siu M. [2] ; Almeida, Marcilio [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz Queiroz, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Lab Biol Celular & Mol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Meio Ambiente, Lab Microbiol Ambiental, Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[4] In Vitro Palm Consultoria EDB Ltda, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: WORLD JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 26, n. 3, p. 555-560, MAR 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 24

In vitro propagated plants are believed to be free of microbes. However, after 5 years of in vitro culture of pineapple plants, without evidence of microbial contamination, the use of culture-independent molecular approach {[}classifying heterogeneous nucleic acids amplified via universal and specific 16S rRNA gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)], and further analysis by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) revealed endophytic bacteria in roots, young and mature leaves of such plants. The amplification of 16S rRNA gene (Bacteria domain) with the exclusion of the plant chloroplast DNA interference, confirmed the presence of bacterial DNA, from endophytic microorganisms within microplant tissues. PCR-DGGE analysis revealed clear differences on bacterial communities depending on plant organ. Group-specific DGGE analyses also indicated differences in the structures of Actinobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria communities in each part of plants. The results suggest the occurrence of a succession of bacterial communities colonizing actively the microplants organs. This study is the first report that brings together evidences that pineapple microplants, previously considered axenic, harbor an endophytic bacterial community encompassing members of Actinobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria group which is responsive to differences in organs due to plant development. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/06731-6 - Molecular characterization of endophytic bacteria and its study on the morphogenic pathways in pineapple (Ananas comosus (l.) Merrill) cv. IAC Gomo-de-mel cultivated “in vitro”
Grantee:Monita Fiori de Abreu Tarazi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate