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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Statistics of the sodium layer parameters at low geographic latitude and its impact on adaptive-optics sodium laser guide star characteristics

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Moussaoui, N. [1, 2] ; Clemesha, B. R. [3] ; Holzloehner, R. [1] ; Simonich, D. M. [3] ; Calia, D. Bonaccini [1] ; Hackenberg, W. [1] ; Batista, P. P. [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] European Org Astron Res So Hemisphere ESO, D-85748 Garching - Germany
[2] Univ Sci & Technol Houari Boumediene, Fac Phys, Algiers - Algeria
[3] Inst Natl Pesquisas Espaciais MCT, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 511, FEB-MAR 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 22

Aims. To aid the design of laser guide star (LGS) assisted adaptive optics (AO) systems, we present an analysis of the statistics of the mesospheric sodium layer based on long-term observations (35 years). Methods. We analyze measurements of the Na-layer characteristics covering a long period (1973-2008), acquired at latitude 23 degrees south, in Sao Jose dos Compos, Sao Paulo, Brazil. We note that Paranal (Chile) is located at latitude 24 degrees south, approximately the same latitude as Sao Paulo. Results. This study allowed us to assess the availability of LGS-assisted AO systems depending on the sodium layer properties. We also present an analysis of the LGSs spot elongation over the year, as well as the nocturnal and the seasonal variation in the mesospheric sodium layer parameters. Conclusions. The average values of the sodium layer parameters are 92.09 km for the centroid height, 11.37 km for the layer thickness, and 5 x 10(13) m(-2) for the column abundance. Assuming a laser of sufficient power to produce an adequate photon return flux for an AO system with a column abundance of 4 x 10(13) m(-2), a telescope could observe at low geographic latitudes with the sodium LGS more than 250 days per year. Increasing this power by 20%, we could observe throughout the entire year. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/04318-7 - Intracluster gas enrichment and star formation efficiency in clusters of galaxies
Grantee:Tatiana Ferraz Laganá
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/05970-0 - Galaxy cluster collisions and their astrophysical consequences
Grantee:Felipe Andrade Santos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 06/56213-9 - New physics from space: formation and evolution of structures in the universe
Grantee:Claudia Lucia Mendes de Oliveira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants