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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chronic intermittent hypoxia alters glutamatergic control of sympathetic and respiratory activities in the commissural NTS of rats

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Author(s):
Costa-Silva, Joao H. [1] ; Zoccal, Daniel B. [1] ; Machado, Benedito H. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY; v. 302, n. 6, p. R785-R793, MAR 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 35
Abstract

Costa-Silva JH, Zoccal DB, Machado BH. Chronic intermittent hypoxia alters glutamatergic control of sympathetic and respiratory activities in the commissural NTS of rats. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 302: R785-R793, 2012. First published December 28, 2011; doi:10.1152/ajpregu.00363.2011.-Sympathetic overactivity and altered respiratory control are commonly observed after chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) exposure. However, the central mechanisms underlying such neurovegetative dysfunctions remain unclear. Herein, we hypothesized that CIH (6% O-2 every 9 min, 8 h/day, 10 days) in juvenile rats alters glutamatergic transmission in the commissural nucleus tractus solitarius (cNTS), a pivotal site for integration of peripheral chemoreceptor inputs. Using an in situ working heart-brain stem preparation, we found that L-glutamate microinjections (1, 3, and 10 mM) into the cNTS of control rats (n = 8) evoked increases in thoracic sympathetic nerve (tSN) and central vagus nerve (cVN) activities combined with inhibition of phrenic nerve (PN) activity. Besides, the ionotropic glutamatergic receptor antagonism with kynurenic acid (KYN; 250 mM) in the cNTS of control group (n = 7) increased PN burst duration and frequency. In the CIH group (n = 10), the magnitude of L-glutamate-induced cVN excitation was smaller, and the PN inhibitory response was blunted (P < 0.05). In addition, KYN microinjections into the cNTS of CIH rats (n = 9) did not alter PN burst duration and produced smaller increases in its frequency compared with controls. Moreover, KYN microinjections into the cNTS attenuated the sympathoexcitatory response to peripheral chemoreflex activation in control but not in CIH rats (P < 0.05). These functional CIH-induced alterations were accompanied by a significant 10% increase of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1) and glutamate receptor 2/3 (GluR2/3) receptor subunit density in the cNTS (n = 3-8, P < 0.05), evaluated by Western blot analysis. These data indicate that glutamatergic transmission is altered in the cNTS of CIH rats and may contribute to the sympathetic and respiratory changes observed in this experimental model. (AU)