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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chemical and morphological characterization of sugarcane bagasse submitted to a delignification process for enhanced enzymatic digestibility

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Author(s):
Rezende, Camila Alves [1] ; de Lima, Marisa Aparecida [1] ; Maziero, Priscila [2] ; deAzevedo, Eduardo Ribeiro [1] ; Garcia, Wanius [3] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, BR-12602810 Lorena, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed ABC, BR-00921017 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 4, p. 1-18, NOV 28 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 181
Abstract

Background: In recent years, biorefining of lignocellulosic biomass to produce multi-products such as ethanol and other biomaterials has become a dynamic research area. Pretreatment technologies that fractionate sugarcane bagasse are essential for the successful use of this feedstock in ethanol production. In this paper, we investigate modifications in the morphology and chemical composition of sugarcane bagasse submitted to a two-step treatment, using diluted acid followed by a delignification process with increasing sodium hydroxide concentrations. Detailed chemical and morphological characterization of the samples after each pretreatment condition, studied by high performance liquid chromatography, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, diffuse reflectance Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, is reported, together with sample crystallinity and enzymatic digestibility. Results: Chemical composition analysis performed on samples obtained after different pretreatment conditions showed that up to 96% and 85% of hemicellulose and lignin fractions, respectively, were removed by this two-step method when sodium hydroxide concentrations of 1% (m/v) or higher were used. The efficient lignin removal resulted in an enhanced hydrolysis yield reaching values around 100%. Considering the cellulose loss due to the pretreatment (maximum of 30%, depending on the process), the total cellulose conversion increases significantly from 22.0% (value for the untreated bagasse) to 72.4%. The delignification process, with consequent increase in the cellulose to lignin ratio, is also clearly observed by nuclear magnetic resonance and diffuse reflectance Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy experiments. We also demonstrated that the morphological changes contributing to this remarkable improvement occur as a consequence of lignin removal from the sample. Bagasse unstructuring is favored by the loss of cohesion between neighboring cell walls, as well as by changes in the inner cell wall structure, such as damaging, hole formation and loss of mechanical resistance, facilitating liquid and enzyme access to crystalline cellulose. Conclusions: The results presented herewith show the efficiency of the proposed method for improving the enzymatic digestibility of sugarcane bagasse and provide understanding of the pretreatment action mechanism. Combining the different techniques applied in this work warranted thorough information about the undergoing morphological and chemical changes and was an efficient approach to understand the morphological effects resulting from sample delignification and its influence on the enhanced hydrolysis results. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/18354-8 - Dynamics and structure of polymer systems as studied by nuclear magnetic resonance
Grantee:Eduardo Ribeiro de Azevedo
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/11135-6 - Structural and morphological aspects of the cell-wall degradation and its biopolymers
Grantee:Camila Alves de Rezende
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 10/08370-3 - Biophysical and biochemical studies of exoglucanases from Trichoderma harzianum involved in the biodegradation of cellulose
Grantee:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants