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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

DISTRIBUTION OF CAPYBARAS IN AN AGROECOSYSTEM, SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL, BASED ON ECOLOGICAL NICHE MODELING

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Author(s):
Ferraz, Katia Maria P. M. B. [1] ; Peterson, A. Townsend [2, 3] ; Scachetti-Pereira, Ricardo [2, 3] ; Vettorazzi, Carlos A. [4] ; Verdade, Luciano M. [5]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Forest Sci, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Kansas, Nat Hist Museum, Lawrence, KS 66045 - USA
[3] Univ Kansas, Biodivers Res Ctr, Lawrence, KS 66045 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Rural Engn Dept, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Biol Sci, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY; v. 90, n. 1, p. 189-194, FEB 18 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

Southeastern Brazil has seen dramatic landscape modifications in recent decades, due to expansion of agriculture and urban areas; these changes have influenced the distribution and abundance of vertebrates. We developed predictive models of ecological and spatial distributions of capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) using ecological niche modeling. Most Occurrences of capybaras were in flat areas with water bodies Surrounded by sugarcane and pasture. More than 75% of the Piracicaba River basin was estimated as potentially habitable by capybara. The models had low omission error (2.3-3.4%), but higher commission error (91.0-98.5%); these ``model failures{''} seem to be more related to local habitat characteristics than to spatial ones. The potential distribution of capybaras in the basin is associated with anthropogenic habitats, particularly with intensive land use for agriculture. (AU)