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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A decaying factor accounts for contained activity in neuronal networks with no need of hierarchical or modular organization

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Author(s):
Amancio, Diego R. [1] ; Oliveira, Jr., Osvaldo N. [1] ; Costa, Luciano da F. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF STATISTICAL MECHANICS-THEORY AND EXPERIMENT; NOV 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

The mechanisms responsible for containing activity in systems represented by networks are crucial in various phenomena, for example, in diseases such as epilepsy that affect the neuronal networks and for information dissemination in social networks. The first models to account for contained activity included triggering and inhibition processes, but they cannot be applied to social networks where inhibition is clearly absent. A recent model showed that contained activity can be achieved with no need of inhibition processes provided that the network is subdivided into modules (communities). In this paper, we introduce a new concept inspired in the Hebbian theory, through which containment of activity is achieved by incorporating a dynamics based on a decaying activity in a random walk mechanism preferential to the node activity. Upon selecting the decay coefficient within a proper range, we observed sustained activity in all the networks tested, namely, random, Barabasi-Albert and geographical networks. The generality of this finding was confirmed by showing that modularity is no longer needed if the dynamics based on the integrate-and-fire dynamics incorporated the decay factor. Taken together, these results provide a proof of principle that persistent, restrained network activation might occur in the absence of any particular topological structure. This may be the reason why neuronal activity does not spread out to the entire neuronal network, even when no special topological organization exists. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/00927-9 - Using complex networks to classify texts
Grantee:Diego Raphael Amancio
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 11/50761-2 - Models and methods of e-Science for life and agricultural sciences
Grantee:Roberto Marcondes Cesar Junior
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants