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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Parasite burden in Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis-infected mice: Validation of luciferase as a quantitative tool

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Author(s):
Reimao, Juliana Q. [1] ; Trinconi, Cristiana T. [1] ; Yokoyama-Yasunaka, Jenicer K. [1] ; Miguel, Danilo C. [1] ; Kalil, Sandra P. [1] ; Uliana, Silvia R. B. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Parasitol, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods; v. 93, n. 2, p. 95-101, MAY 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 23
Abstract

Given the lack of effective and safe alternatives to the drugs already in use, considerable efforts are being applied to the search of new therapeutic options to treat leishmaniasis. A necessary step in the discovery of antileishmanial drugs is the validation of drug candidates in mouse models. The standard methods to quantify the parasite burden in animal models, mainly culture-based, are time consuming and expensive. In recent years, in vivo imaging systems have been proposed as a tool to overcome these problems, allowing paraSite detection in living organisms. Here we compared different treatment efficacy evaluation approaches. Recombinant Leishmania (L) amazonensis lines expressing the luciferase gene (La-LUC) were obtained and characterized for biological properties as compared with the wild type (WT) parental line. Bioluminescence generated by La-LUC was shown to correlate with the number of promastigotes in vitro. La-LUC promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes were equally sensitive to amphotericin B (AmB) as the WT parasites. The clinical pattern of lesion development upon infection with the transgenic lines was similar to lesions observed after infection with the WT strain. The half maximal effective dose (ED50) of AmB was determined in La-LUC infected mice through quantification of bioluminescence in vivo and ex vivo, by limiting dilution and using clinical parameters. There was agreement in the ED50 determined by all methods. Quantification of bioluminescence in vivo and/or ex vivo was elected as the best tool for determining parasite burden to assess drug efficacy in infected mice. Furthermore, the detailed analysis of AmB effectiveness in this model generated useful data to be used in drug combination experiments. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21970-2 - SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS AS DRUG CANDIDATES FOR VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS: EVALUATION OF DRUG COMBINATIONS AND INVESTIGATION OF LEISHMANICIDAL MECHANISMS OF ACTION
Grantee:Juliana Quero Reimão Dalla Zanna
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/18858-6 - TAMOXIFEN AS AN ANTI-LEISHMANIAL DRUG: ACTIVITY IN COMBINED THERAPEUTIC SCHEMES AND STUDY OF THE MECHANISM OF ACTION
Grantee:Cristiana de Melo Trinconi Tronco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/20484-7 - Tamoxifen in the treatment of leishmaniasis: evaluation of efficacy in combination therapy schemes and study of the antileishmanial mechanism of action
Grantee:Silvia Reni Bortolin Uliana
Support type: Regular Research Grants