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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Does background colouration affect the behaviour of tadpoles? An experimental approach with an odonate predator

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Author(s):
Nomura, F. [1, 2] ; De Marco, P. [1] ; Carvalho, A. F. A. [3] ; Rossa-Feres, D. C. [4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Goias, ICB, Dept Ecol, BR-74001970 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[2] Inst Neotrop Pesquisa & Conservacao, BR-81531980 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, IB, Programa Posgrad Microbiol Aplicada, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, IBILCE, Dept Zool & Bot, BR-15054000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: ETHOLOGY ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION; v. 25, n. 2, p. 185-198, APR 1 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 8
Abstract

Predation is a primary driver of tadpole assemblages, and the activity rate is a good predictor of the tadpoles' tolerance for predation risk. The conflicting demands between activity and exposure to predation can generate suboptimal behaviours. Because morphological components, such as body colouration, may affect the activity of tadpoles, we predict that environmental features that enhance or match the tadpole colouration should affect their survival or activity rate in the presence of a predator. We tested this prediction experimentally by assessing the mortality rate of tadpoles of Rhinella schneideri and Eupemphix nattereri and the active time on two artificial background types: one bright-coloured and one black-coloured. We found no difference in tadpole mortality due to the background type. However, R. schneideri tadpoles were more active than E. nattereri tadpoles, and the activity of R. schneideri was reduced less in the presence of the predator than that of E. nattereri. Although the background colouration did not affect the tadpole mortality rate, it was a stimulus that elicited behavioural responses in the tadpoles, leading them to adjust their activity rate to the type of background colour. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/52321-7 - Diversity and ecology of tadpoles from Central Amazonia
Grantee:Denise de Cerqueira Rossa-Feres
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants