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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inhibition of Polo-Like Kinase 1 Induces Cell Cycle Arrest and Sensitizes Glioblastoma Cells to Ionizing Radiation

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Author(s):
Pezuk, Julia Alejandra [1] ; Brassesco, Maria Sol [2] ; Morales, Andressa Gois [1] ; de Oliveira, Jaqueline Carvalho [1] ; de Oliveira, Harley Francisco [3] ; Scrideli, Carlos Alberto [2] ; Tone, Luiz Gonzaga [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet, BR-14048900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Div Pediat Oncol, Dept Pediat, BR-14048900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Div Radiotherapy, Clin Dept, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14048900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CANCER BIOTHERAPY AND RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS; v. 28, n. 7, p. 516-522, SEP 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

Despite efforts to improve surgical, radiologic, and chemotherapeutic strategies, the outcome of patients with glioblastoma (GBM) is still poor. Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) is a serine/threonine kinase that plays key roles in cell cycle control and has been associated with tumor growth and prognosis. Here, we aimed at testing the radio-sensitizing effects of the PLK1 inhibitor BI 2536 on eight GBM cell lines. For cell cycle analysis, T98G, U251, U343 MG-a, LN319, SF188, U138 MG, and U87 MG cell lines were treated with 10, 50, or 100 nM of BI 2536 for 24 hours. In addition, cell cultures exposed to BI 2536 50 nM for 24 hours were irradiated with c-rays from 60 Cobalt source at final doses of 2, 4, and 6 Gy. Combinatorial effects were evaluated through proliferation and clonogenic capacity assays. Treatment with BI 2536 caused mitotic arrest after 24 hours, and increased apoptosis in GBM cells. Moreover, our results demonstrate that pretreatment with this drug sensitized six out of seven GBM cell lines to different doses of c-irradiation as shown by decreased growth and abrogation of colony-formation capacity. Our data suggest that PLK1 blockage has a radiosensitizing effect on GBM, which could improve treatment strategies for this devastating tumor. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/11053-2 - Evaluation of Polo-like kinases genes expression in glioblastoma cell lines and samples
Grantee:Julia Alejandra Pezuk
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master