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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Species diversity of culturable endophytic fungi from Brazilian mangrove forests

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de Souza Sebastianes, Fernanda Luiza [1] ; Romao-Dumaresq, Aline Silva [1] ; Lacava, Paulo Teixeira [2] ; Harakava, Ricardo [3] ; Azevedo, Joao Lucio [1] ; de Melo, Itamar Soares [4] ; Pizzirani-Kleiner, Aline Aparecida [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Genet, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Ctr Biol Sci & Hlth, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Biol, Phytopathol & Biochem Lab, BR-04014002 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] EMBRAPA, Lab Environm Microbiol, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CURRENT GENETICS; v. 59, n. 3, p. 153-166, AUG 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 24

This study aimed to perform a comparative analysis of the diversity of endophytic fungal communities isolated from the leaves and branches of Rhizophora mangle, Avicennia schaueriana and Laguncularia racemosa trees inhabiting two mangroves in the state of So Paulo, Brazil {[}Cananeia and Bertioga (oil spill-affected and unaffected)] in the summer and winter. Three hundred and forty-three fungi were identified by sequencing the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region of rDNA. Differences were observed in the frequencies of fungi isolated from the leaves and branches of these three different plant species sampled from the Bertioga oil spill-affected and the oil-unaffected mangrove sites in the summer and winter; these differences indicate a potential impact on fungal diversity in the study area due to the oil spill. The molecular identification of the fungi showed that the fungal community associated with these mangroves is composed of at least 34 different genera, the most frequent of which were Diaporthe, Colletotrichum, Fusarium, Trichoderma and Xylaria. The Shannon and the Chao1 indices {[}H'((95 %)) = 4.00, H'((97 %)) = 4.22, Chao1((95 %)) = 204 and Chao1((97 %)) = 603] indicated that the mangrove fungal community possesses a vast diversity and richness of endophytic fungi. The data generated in this study revealed a large reservoir of fungal genetic diversity inhabiting these Brazilian mangrove forests and highlighted substantial differences between the fungal communities associated with distinct plant tissues, plant species, impacted sites and sampling seasons. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 04/13910-6 - Biodiversity and functional activities of microorganisms from mangrove of the State of São Paulo
Grantee:Itamar Soares de Melo
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 06/57060-1 - Analysis of the bacterial community associated with mangroves in the State of São Paulo of biotechnological and agricultural interest
Grantee:Paulo Teixeira Lacava
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate