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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate Upon Urinary Citrate Excretion in Calcium Stone Formers

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Pinheiro, Vivian Barbosa [1] ; Baxmann, Alessandra Calabria [1] ; Tiselius, Hans-Goeran [1] ; Heilberg, Ita Pfeferman [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Stockholm - Sweden
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Div Nephrol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: UROLOGY; v. 82, n. 1, p. 33-37, JUL 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 17

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of oral sodium bicarbonate (NaBic) supplementation upon urinary citrate excretion in calcium stone formers (CSFs). METHODS Sixteen adult calcium stone formers with hypocitraturia were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, crossover protocol using 60 mEq/day of NaBic during 3 days compared to the same period and doses of potassium citrate (KCit) supplementation. Blood and 24-hour urine samples were collected at baseline and during the third day of each alkali salt. RESULTS NaBic, similarly to KCit supplementation, led to an equivalent and significant increase in urinary citrate and pH. Compared to baseline, NaBic led to a significant increase in sodium excretion without concomitant increases in urinary calcium excretion, whereas KCit induced a significant increase in potassium excretion coupled with a significant reduction in urinary calcium. Although NaBic and KCit both reduced calcium oxalate supersaturation (CaOxSS) significantly vs baseline, KCit reduced calcium oxalate supersaturation significantly further vs NaBic. Both KCit and NaBic significantly reduced urinary phosphate and increased calcium phosphate supersaturation (CaPSS) compared to baseline. Finally, a significantly higher sodium urate supersaturation (NaUrSS) was observed after the use of the 2 drugs. CONCLUSION This short-term study suggests that NaBic represents an effective alternative for the treatment of hypocitraturic calcium oxalate stone formers who cannot tolerate or afford the cost of KCit. In view of the increased sodium urate supersaturation, patients with pure uric acid stones and high urate excretion may be less suited for treatment with NaBic. UROLOGY 82: 33-37, 2013. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/04719-1 - Comparative effects of sodium bicarbonate and potassium citrate in hypocitraturic stone formers patients.
Grantee:Vivian Barbosa Pinheiro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master