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Environmental viability of road designs: the case of south section of Rodoanel Mário Covas, São Paulo

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Author(s):
Vinícius Gregolin Ferreira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Evandro Mateus Moretto; Amarilis Lucia Casteli Figueiredo Gallardo; Marcelo Montaño
Advisor: Evandro Mateus Moretto
Abstract

Defining the location of an enterprise is one of the key decisions that determine the importance of the negative environmental impacts resulting from its installation and operation. But, the environmental dimension is not normally present in the analysis of location of the project that occur before the environmental licensing, considering only the technical and economic aspects. One reason for this is the fact that the environmental information of a secondary nature, which reveals territorial restrictions to the location of the project, is not available or are not systematized and available for this preliminary analysis, and it is usually produced later during the preparation of the environmental statement within the process of environmental impact assessment. In this sense, this work aims to analyze the possibilities for setting a reference base of information on environmental and territorial potential and restrictions, as a support for the study of alternative road designs, prior to the environmental impact assessment and environmental licensing of the project. For this, the main territorial factors, necessary for investigating the environmental analysis of road layouts viability were identified, using as a case study of the southern section of the Rodoanel Mario Covas in the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. Geoprocessing techniques were applied to work the found data, and then, three road designs guidelines were produced from the environmental restrictions, which were discussed with the territorial potential, identifying changes that could have been made in the constructed road layout. The discussions show that, although that are limits (as standardization of the discussed data and the worked scale), is possible to reconcile the territorial environmental potential and restrictions in the concept of road designs, prior to the licensing process for the case of road projects. (AU)