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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The antimicrobial effects of Citrus limonum and Citrus aurantium essential oils on multi-species biofilms

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Author(s):
Coelho Oliveira, Sarah Almeida [1] ; Mina Zambrana, Jessica Rabelo [1] ; Reis Di Iorio, Fernanda Bispo [2] ; Pereira, Cristiane Aparecida [1] ; Cardoso Jorge, Antonio Olavo [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Biosci & Oral Diag, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo Unifesp, Inst Environm Chem & Pharmaceut Sci, Lab Hybrid Mat, Dept Earth & Exact Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Oral Research; v. 28, n. 1, p. 22-27, JAN-MAR 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Citrus limonum and Citrus aurantium essential oils (EOs) compared to 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) and 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) on multi-species biofilms formed by Candida albicans, Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli. The biofilms were grown in acrylic disks immersed in broth, inoculated with microbial suspension (10(6) cells/mL) and incubated at 37 degrees C/48 h. After the biofilms were formed, they were exposed for 5 minutes to the solutions (n = 10): C. aurantium EO, C. limonum EO, 0.2% CHX, 1% NaOCl or sterile saline solution {[}0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl)]. Next, the discs were placed in sterile 0.9% NaCl and sonicated to disperse the biofilms. Tenfold serial dilutions were performed and the aliquots were seeded onto selective agar and incubated at 37 degrees C/48 h. Next, the number of colony-forming units per milliliter was counted and analyzed statistically (Tukey test, p <= 0.05). C. aurantium EO and NaOCl inhibited the growth of all microorganisms in multi-species biofilms. C. limonum EO promoted a 100% reduction of C. albicans and E. coli, and 49.3% of E. faecalis. CHX was less effective against C. albicans and E. coli, yielding a reduction of 68.8% and 86.7%, respectively. However, the reduction of E. faecalis using CHX (81.7%) was greater than that obtained using C. limonum EO. Both Citrus limonum and Citrus aurantium EOs are effective in controlling multi-species biofilms; the microbial reductions achieved by EOs were not only similar to those of NaOCl, but even higher than those achieved by CHX, in some cases. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/52048-1 - Effects of photodynamic therapy and essential oils of the Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf, Casearia sylvestris SW and Curcuma zedoaria Roscoe, in vitro, in biofilms of Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans
Grantee:Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/00879-4 - Opportunistic microorganisms in injuries denture stomatitis and influence of photodynamic therapy in virulence factors of Candida spp
Grantee:Cristiane Aparecida Pereira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate