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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Zebularine induces chemosensitization to methotrexate and efficiently decreases AhR gene methylation in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells

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Andrade, Augusto F. [1] ; Borges, Kleiton S. [1] ; Castro-Gamero, Angel M. [1] ; Silveira, Vanessa S. [2] ; Suazo, Veridiana K. [2] ; Oliveira, Jaqueline C. [1] ; Moreno, Daniel A. [1] ; de Paula Queiroz, Rosane G. [2] ; Scrideli, Carlos A. [2] ; Tone, Luiz G. [2, 1]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Genet, BR-14048900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Pediat, BR-14048900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANTI-CANCER DRUGS; v. 25, n. 1, p. 72-81, JAN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 16

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common hematologic malignancy in childhood. Despite the advances in treatment, about 20% of patients relapse and/or die, indicating the need for different therapies for this group. Zebularine (ZB) is a potent DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor and has been associated with gene demethylation and enhancement of tumor chemosensitivity. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ZB, alone or combined with chemotherapeutics (methotrexate and vincristine), on childhood ALL cell lines. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and clonogenic capacity were studied in Jurkat and ReH cell lines. Bisulfite modification, followed by methylation-specific PCR was carried out to evaluate aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) methylation status. Gene expression of DNMT1, DNMT3a, DNMT3b, and AhR was assessed using qRT-PCR. Both cell cultures were sensitive to ZB, showing a dose-dependent and time-dependent response (P<0.05). ZB induced apoptosis and decreased clonogenic capacity in both cell lines. Combination with methotrexate resulted in a strong synergistic effect, whereas combination with vincristine led to an antagonistic response in both cell lines. ZB treatment decreased gene expression of the three DNMTs and induced AhR gene promoter demethylation and its re-expression. These results indicate that ZB may be a promising drug for the adjuvant treatment of ALL, mainly when combined with methotrexate. (C) 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams \& Wilkins. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/14378-7 - Evaluation of antineoplastic effects of zebularine on childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines
Grantee:Augusto Faria Andrade
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master