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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fluxes of CO2 above a sugarcane plantation in Brazil

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Author(s):
Cabral, Osvaldo M. R. [1] ; Rocha, Humberto R. [2] ; Gash, John H. [3] ; Ligo, Marcos A. V. [1] ; Ramos, Nilza Patricia [1] ; Packer, Ana Paula [1] ; Batista, Eunice Reis [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Embrapa Meio Ambiente, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Wallingford OX10 8BB, Oxon - England
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Agricultural and Forest Meteorology; v. 182, n. SI, p. 54-66, DEC 15 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Fluxes of CO2 were measured above a sugarcane plantation using the eddy-covariance method covering two growth cycles, representing the second and third re-growth (ratoons) harvested with stubble burning. The total net ecosystem exchange (NEE) in the first cycle (second ratoon, 393 days long) was -1964+/-44 g C m(-2); the gross ecosystem productivity (GEP) was 3612+/-46 g C m(-2) and the ecosystem respiration (RE) was 1648+/-14g C m(-2). The NEE and GEP totals in the second cycle (third ratoon, 374 days long) decreased 51% and 25%, respectively and RE increased 7%. Accounting for the carbon emitted during biomass burning and the removal of stalks at harvest, net ecosystem carbon balance (NECB) totals were 102+/-130 g Cm-2 and 403+/-84 g Cm-2 in each cycle respectively. Thus the sugarcane agrosystem was approximately carbon neutral in the second ratoon. Yield in stalks fresh weight (SFW) attained the regional average (8.3 kg SFW m(-2)). Although it was a carbon source to the atmosphere, observed productivity (6.2 kg SFW m(-2)) of the third ratoon was 19% lower than the regional average due to the lower water availability observed during the initial 120 days of re-growth. However, the overall water use efficiency (WUE) achieved in the first cycle (4.3 g C kg(-1) H2O) decreased only 5% in the second cycle. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58120-3 - Carbon tracker and water availability controls of land use and climate changes
Grantee:Humberto Ribeiro da Rocha
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants