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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Learning Reflectance Confocal Microscopy of Melanocytic Skin Lesions through Histopathologic Transversal Sections

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Tavoloni Braga, Juliana Casagrande [1] ; Macedo, Mariana Petaccia [2] ; Pinto, Clovis [2] ; Duprat, Joao [1] ; Begnami, Maria Dirlei [2] ; Pellacani, Giovanni [3] ; Rezze, Gisele Gargantini [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] AC Camargo Hosp, Cutaneous Oncol Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] AC Camargo Hosp, Dept Anat Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Modena & Reggio Emilia, Dept Dermatol, Modena - Italy
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 12 DEC 5 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 19

Histopathologic interpretation of dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) features of cutaneous melanoma was timidly carried out using perpendicular histologic sections, which does not mimic the same plane of the image achieved at both techniques (horizontal plane). The aim of this study was to describe the transverse histologic sections research technique and correlate main dermoscopic features characteristic of cutaneous melanoma (atypical network, irregular globules and pseudopods) with RCM and histopathology in perpendicular and transverse sections in order to offer a more precise interpretation of in vivo detectable features. Four melanomas and 2 nevi with different dermoscopic clues have been studied. Lesion areas that showed characteristic dermoscopic features were imaged by dermoscopy and confocal microscopy and directly correlated with histopathology in perpendicular and transverse sections. We presented the possibility to perform transverse sections as a new approach to understand RCM features. Atypical network showed different aspects in the 2 melanomas: in one case it was characterized by pleomorphic malignant melanocytes with tendency to form aggregates, whereas in the other elongated dendritic cells crowded around dermal papillae, some of them forming bridges that resembled the mitochondrial aspect at confocal and histopathology transversal sections. Pigment globules in melanomas and nevi differed for the presence of large atypical cells in the former, and pseudopods showed up as elongated nests protruded toward the periphery of the lesion. Transverse histologic research sections have a consistent dermoscopic and confocal correlate, and it may represent an help in confocal feature interpretation and an advance in improving melanoma diagnosis and knowledge of the biology of melanocytic lesions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/06455-1 - Determination of in vivo confocal microscopy patterns of pigmented skin lesions and comparison to the dermoscopy and transversal sections histology.
Grantee:Fernando Augusto Soares
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants