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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

LPS Exposure Increases Maternal Corticosterone Levels, Causes Placental Injury and Increases IL-1B Levels in Adult Rat Offspring: Relevance to Autism

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Kirsten, Thiago B. [1] ; Lippi, Luciana L. [1] ; Bevilacqua, Estela [2] ; Bernardi, Maria M. [3, 4]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Cell & Dev Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Paulista, Grad Program Environm & Expt Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Paulista, Grad Program Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 12 DEC 2 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 40

Maternal immune activation can induce neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia. Previous investigations by our group have shown that prenatal treatment of rats on gestation day 9.5 with lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 100 mu g/kg, intraperitoneally), which mimics infections by gram-negative bacteria, induced autism-like behavior in male rats, including impaired communication and socialization and induced repetitive/restricted behavior. However, the behavior of female rats was unchanged. Little is known about how LPS-induced changes in the pregnant dam subsequently affect the developing fetus and the fetal immune system. The present study evaluated the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, the placental tissue and the reproductive performance of pregnant Wistar rats exposed to LPS. In the adult offspring, we evaluated the HPA axis and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels with or without a LPS challenge. LPS exposure increased maternal serum corticosterone levels, injured placental tissue and led to higher post-implantation loss, resulting in fewer live fetuses. The HPA axis was not affected in adult offspring. However, prenatal LPS exposure increased IL-1 beta serum levels, revealing that prenatal LPS exposure modified the immune response to a LPS challenge in adulthood. Increased IL-1 beta levels have been reported in several autistic patients. Together with our previous studies, our model induced autistic-like behavioral and immune disturbances in childhood and adulthood, indicating that it is a robust rat model of autism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/53861-5 - Behavioral, immune and molecular effects of prenatal administration of lipopolysaccharide to male offspring of rats
Grantee:Thiago Berti Kirsten
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 09/51886-3 - Neuroimmunomodulation: drugs, stress and cytokines on nervous, endocrine and immune systems relationships
Grantee:João Palermo Neto
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/07007-8 - Possible prevention or treatment of impairments induced by an early prenatal exposure to lipopolysaccharide in an experimental model of autism
Grantee:Thiago Berti Kirsten
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate