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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health. Evidence from Canada

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Author(s):
Moubarac, Jean-Claude [1, 2] ; Bortoletto Martins, Ana Paula [1] ; Claro, Rafael Moreira [1] ; Levy, Renata Bertazzi [1, 3] ; Cannon, Geoffrey [4] ; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto [5, 1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Pesquisas Epidemiol Nutr & Saude, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Montreal, Dept Nutr, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7 - Canada
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Prevent Med, Fac Med, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] World Publ Hlth Nutr Assoc, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Nutr, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PUBLIC HEALTH NUTRITION; v. 16, n. 12, p. 2240-2248, DEC 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 145
Abstract

Objective: To investigate consumption of ultra-processed products in Canada and to assess their association with dietary quality. Design: Application of a classification of foodstuffs based on the nature, extent and purpose of food processing to data from a national household food budget survey. Foods are classified as unprocessed/minimally processed foods (Group 1), processed culinary ingredients (Group 2) or ultra-processed products (Group 3). Setting: All provinces and territories of Canada, 2001. Subjects: Households (n 5643). Results: Food purchases provided a mean per capita energy availability of 8908 (SE 81) kJ/d (2129 (SE 19) kcal/d). Over 61.7% of dietary energy came from ultra-processed products (Group 3), 25.6% from Group 1 and 12.7% from Group 2. The overall diet exceeded WHO upper limits for fat, saturated fat, free sugars and Na density, with less fibre than recommended. It also exceeded the average energy density target of the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research. Group 3 products taken together are more fatty, sugary, salty and energy-dense than a combination of Group 1 and Group 2 items. Only the 20% lowest consumers of ultra-processed products (who consumed 33.2% of energy from these products) were anywhere near reaching all nutrient goals for the prevention of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases. Conclusions: The 2001 Canadian diet was dominated by ultra-processed products. As a group, these products are unhealthy. The present analysis indicates that any substantial improvement of the diet would involve much lower consumption of ultra-processed products and much higher consumption of meals and dishes prepared from minimally processed foods and processed culinary ingredients. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/08421-7 - Influence of food prices and family income on the consumtion of processed food in Brazil
Grantee:Rafael Moreira Claro
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/08425-5 - Time trends consumption of ultra-processed foods: an international comparative study.
Grantee:Jean-Claude Moubarac
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate