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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Grain growth inhibition by connected porosity in sintered niobium

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Author(s):
Zilnyk, K. D. [1] ; Leite, G. S. [1] ; Sandim, H. R. Z. [1] ; Rios, P. R. [2]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, BR-12600970 Lorena, SP - Brazil
[2] UFF, Escola Engn Ind Met, BR-27255125 Volta Redonda, RJ - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACTA MATERIALIA; v. 61, n. 15, p. 5821-5828, SEP 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

Pore-boundary interaction plays an important role in densification during solid-state sintering. This paper reports the evolution of porosity and grain size in niobium sintered at 2073 and 2273 K for different sintering times. The densification curves show a decrease in porosity up to 8 and 4 vol.% after 10,800 s for the samples sintered at 2073 and 2273 K, respectively. Grain growth is observed to take place together with this decrease in porosity. A new model for grain growth inhibition during sintering is proposed for connected porosity. This model considers that the moving grain boundaries and the outer surface of cylindrical pores remain in contact during grain growth and that energy dissipation takes place owing to the fact that the grain boundary is moving relative to the porosity. Our mechanism is akin to a friction between the grain boundary and the connected porosity at their contact region. In contrast to the traditional particle grain boundary bypassing mechanisms, the present model is not a purely geometrical relationship but is material dependent. The model gives agrees well with experimental results obtained in this paper for sintered niobium as well as for other sintered materials reported in the literature. Our model is a novel approach to treating grain growth inhibition by pores during the sintering stage in which the porosity becomes interconnected. (C) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/10172-5 - Evolution of porosity and grain size during sintering of niobium: powder particle size distribution and compaction pressure effects
Grantee:Guilherme Souza Leite
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation