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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cosmological neutrino entropy changes due to flavor statistical mixing

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Bernardini, A. E. [1]
Total Authors: 1
[1] Univ Porto, Dept Fis & Astron, Fac Ciencias, P-4169007 Oporto - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: EPL; v. 103, n. 3 AUG 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Entropy changes due to delocalization and decoherence effects should modify the predictions for the cosmological neutrino background (C nu B) temperature when one treats neutrino flavors in the framework of composite quantum systems. Assuming that the final stage of neutrino interactions with the gamma e(-)e(+) radiation plasma before decoupling works as a measurement scheme that projects neutrinos into flavor quantum states, the resulting free-streaming neutrinos can be described as a statistical ensemble of flavor-mixed states. Even not corresponding to an electronic-flavor pure state, after decoupling the statistical ensemble is described by a density matrix that evolves in time with the full Hamiltonian accounting for flavor mixing, momentum delocalization and, in case of an open-quantum-system approach, decoherence effects. Depending on the quantum measurement scheme used for quantifying the entropy, mixing associated to dissipative effects can lead to an increase of the flavor-associated von Neumann entropy for free-streaming neutrinos. The production of the von Neumann entropy mitigates the constraints on the predictions for energy densities and temperatures of a cosmologically evolving isentropic fluid, in this case, the cosmological neutrino background. Our results state that the quantum mixing associated to decoherence effects are fundamental for producing an additive quantum entropy contribution to the cosmological neutrino thermal history. According to our framework, it does not modify the predictions for the number of neutrino species, N-nu similar to 3. It can only relieve the constraints between N-nu and the temperature ratio, T-nu/T-gamma, by introducing a novel ingredient to re-direct the interpretation of some recent tantalizing evidence that N-nu is significantly larger than by more than 3. Copyright (c) EPLA, 2013 (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/03561-0 - Hamilton (Jacobi) formulation of the dark sector of the universe and contextualized studies on quantum cosmology and non-commutativity
Grantee:Alex Eduardo de Bernardini
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research