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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

HIGH PREVALENCE OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS IN XAVANTE INDIANS FROM MATO GROSSO, BRAZIL

Author(s):
Dal Fabbro, Amaury L. [1] ; Franco, Laercio J. [1] ; da Silva, Anderson S. [1] ; Sartorelli, Daniela S. [1] ; Soares, Luana P. [1] ; Franco, Luciana F. [2] ; Kuhn, Patricia C. [2] ; Moises, Regina S. [2] ; Vieira-Filho, Joao Paulo B. [2]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Social Med, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo Med Sch, Div Endocrinol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ETHNICITY & DISEASE; v. 24, n. 1, p. 35-40, WIN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and describe demographic, anthropometric and medical characteristics, in a genetically distinct population: the Brazilian Xavante Indians. Design: Population-based survey carried out among 948 Xavante from Mato Grosso, Brazil. Fasting and 2-hour after 75 g glucose capillary glycemia were measured by a portable glucometer (HemoCue (R) Glucose201(+)). Diabetes was defined according to WHO criteria. Anthropometric data and medical characteristics were measured, and fat mass (%) was evaluated using bioelectrical impedance. Blood pressure was measured by an automated device (OMRON 742INTC (R)), and hypertension was defined according to WHO criteria. Results: Age-adjusted prevalence rates with 95% confidence intervals were diabetes: 28.2% (25.3-31.1) in general, 18.4% (14.9-22.2) in men and 40.6% (36.2-45.1) in women (P<.001); impaired glucose tolerance: 32.3% (20.5-26.0) in general, 29.7% (25.4-33.9) in men and 34.4% (30.2-38.8) in women (P>.05); hypertension: 17.5% (15.1-19.9) in general. Obesity was found in 50.8% of the individuals. Fat mass (%) was associated with diabetes in men (P<.05) and women (P<.05). Thigh circumference and waist/thigh ratio were lower in those with diabetes, in men and women (P<.001). Conclusions: The high prevalence of diabetes and obesity in Xavante is likely related to their recent change in food habits and physical activities. Our results should raise awareness about the magnitude of this health problem and also indicate that it could increase dramatically in the future if no preventive actions are adopted. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05634-0 - Diabetes mellitus and associated diseases in the adult Xavante population of the Indian Reservation of São Marcos - MT
Grantee:Laercio Joel Franco
Support type: Regular Research Grants