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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

MAGNETIC FIELD AMPLIFICATION AND EVOLUTION IN TURBULENT COLLISIONLESS MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS: AN APPLICATION TO THE INTRACLUSTER MEDIUM

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Author(s):
Santos-Lima, R. [1] ; de Gouveia Dal Pino, E. M. [1] ; Kowal, G. [2, 1] ; Falceta-Goncalves, D. [2, 3] ; Lazarian, A. [4] ; Nakwacki, M. S. [5, 6]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ St Andrews, Sch Phys & Astron, SUPA, St Andrews KY16 9SS, Fife - Scotland
[4] Univ Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 - USA
[5] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Astron & Fis Espacio, RA-1033 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[6] Univ Buenos Aires, FCEN, RA-1053 Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 781, n. 2 FEB 1 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 38
Abstract

The amplification of magnetic fields (MFs) in the intracluster medium (ICM) is attributed to turbulent dynamo (TD) action, which is generally derived in the collisional-MHD framework. However, this assumption is poorly justified a priori, since in the ICM the ion mean free path between collisions is of the order of the dynamical scales, thus requiring a collisionless MHD description. The present study uses an anisotropic plasma pressure that brings the plasma within a parametric space where collisionless instabilities take place. In this model, a relaxation term of the pressure anisotropy simulates the feedback of the mirror and firehose instabilities, in consistency with empirical studies. Our three-dimensional numerical simulations of forced transonic turbulence, aiming the modeling of the turbulent ICM, were performed for different initial values of the MF intensity and different relaxation rates of the pressure anisotropy. We found that in the high-beta plasma regime corresponding to the ICM conditions, a fast anisotropy relaxation rate gives results that are similar to the collisional-MHD model, as far as the statistical properties of the turbulence are concerned. Also, the TD amplification of seed MFs was found to be similar to the collisional-MHD model. The simulations that do not employ the anisotropy relaxation deviate significantly from the collisional-MHD results and show more power at the small-scale fluctuations of both density and velocity as a result of the action of the instabilities. For these simulations, the large-scale fluctuations in the MF are mostly suppressed and the TD fails in amplifying seed MFs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/12909-8 - Magnetic fields, turbulence and plasma effects in the intergalactic medium
Grantee:Diego Antonio Falceta Gonçalves
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/04073-2 - Magnetic reconnection and related processes in collisional and collisionless astrophysical plasmas: from solar flares to extragalactic sources
Grantee:Grzegorz Kowal
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/50053-8 - Magnetic reconnection and particle acceleration in astrophysical sources and diffuse media
Grantee:Grzegorz Kowal
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 09/54006-4 - A computer cluster for the Astronomy Department of the University of São Paulo Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences and for the Cruzeiro do Sul University Astrophysics Center
Grantee:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Support type: Multi-user Equipment Program
FAPESP's process: 13/18815-0 - Magnetic reconnection and related processes in collisional and collisionless astrophysical plasmas: from solar flares to extragalactic sources
Grantee:Grzegorz Kowal
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Young Researchers
FAPESP's process: 13/15115-8 - Study of collisionless plasma effects: application to the turbulent intracluster medium of galaxies
Grantee:Reinaldo Santos de Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 06/50654-3 - Investigation of high energy and plasma astrophysics phenomena: theory, observation, and numerical simulations
Grantee:Elisabete Maria de Gouveia Dal Pino
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants