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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Use of a vanadium nanostructured material for hydrogen peroxide electrogeneration

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Author(s):
Moraes, A. [1] ; Assumpcao, M. H. M. T. [1] ; Papai, R. [1] ; Gaubeur, I. [1] ; Rocha, R. S. [2] ; Reis, R. M. [2] ; Calegaro, M. L. [2] ; Lanza, M. R. V. [2] ; Santos, M. C. [1]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] UFABC Univ Fed ABC, CCNH Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, BR-09210170 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; v. 719, p. 127-132, APR 1 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 17
Abstract

This paper reports the use of different proportions of vanadium nanostructured electrocatalysts for H2O2 electrogeneration. A comparative study using different mass proportions of vanadium (1%, 6%, 12%, 15% and 20%) was performed to produce H2O2. The V/C materials were prepared by a modified polymeric precursor method (PPM) and characterized by X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. XRD results identified different phases comprising V2O5 and VO2 while TEM micrographs show the vanadium nanoparticles in the range of 1-3 nm. The rotating ring-disk electrode (RRDE) technique was used to evaluate the kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). The results showed that the 12% V/C prepared by the PPM was the best composite among those investigated for the production of H2O2 in a 1 mol L-1 NaOH electrolyte solution because this electrocatalyst exhibited a H2O2 conversion efficiency of 68%. The ring current obtained with 12% V/C was greater than the obtained with Vulcan carbon, which was used as a reference material for H2O2 production and exhibited an efficiency of 31%. After the study with the RRDE, gas-diffusion electrodes (GDEs) containing the catalyst were used to evaluate the amount of H2O2 produced during exhaustive electrolysis. On the basis of these results, the 12% V/C GDE produced 620 mg L-1 of H2O2 in alkaline media, whereas the Vulcan carbon GDE produced only 369 mg L-1 at the same potential. In acidic media, the 12% V/C GDE produced 107 mg L-1 of H2O2, whereas Vulcan carbon produced only 72 mg L-1 at the same potential, indicating the better activity of V/C for H2O2 electrogeneration. The 12% V/C is composed primarily of the V2O5 phase, which shows acidic character that can increase the acidity of the surface, providing greater hydrophilicity and, consequently, greater activity toward the ORR via two-electron transference. (c) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/04539-3 - Synthesis and characterization of nanostructured electrocatalysts for hydrogen peroxide in situ obtention and subsequent degradation of organic pollutants
Grantee:Mônica Helena Marcon Teixeira Assumpção
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 10/16511-6 - Energy generation from biofuel using nanostructures
Grantee:Mauro Coelho dos Santos
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 07/04759-0 - Gas diffusion electrodes modified by organometallic compounds for hydrogen peroxide production
Grantee:Marcos Roberto de Vasconcelos Lanza
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/10546-2 - Study and development of nanostructured materials based on Ce and V for in situ hydrogen peroxide production
Grantee:André Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 09/09145-6 - Study of ethanol electrochemical oxidation mechanism on PtSn, PtCe and PtSnCe using in-situ spectroscopic techniques
Grantee:Rodrigo Fernando Brambilla de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate