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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Experimental Trypanosoma evansi infection in donkeys: hematological, biochemical and histopathological changes

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F.A. Cadioli ; L.C. Marques ; R.Z. Machado ; A.C. Alessi ; L.P.C.T. Aquino ; P A. Barnabé
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia; v. 58, n. 5, p. 749-756, Out. 2006.

Five adult donkeys were experimentally infected with Brazilian strain of Trypanosoma evansi originally isolated from a naturally infected dog to study the hematological biochemical and histopathological alterations during the evolution of the disease. The course of the experimental infection was followed up to 145 days. Hematological analyses of the infected donkeys revealed a marked decline in hemoglobin, packed-cell volume, and erythrocyte count. Anemia was observed after successive peaks of parasitemia. Biochemical analyses showed increased levels of icterus index, serum globulins and decreased serum albumin and glucose values. All infected donkeys revealed enlargement of spleen and its white pulp, enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes and lungs congestion. The main histopathological features consisted of meningoencephalitis. Demyelination in some areas of the cerebellum pediculus and neuropil vacuolization were observed. This study showed that donkeys infected with a Brazilian strain of T. evansi developed a chronic disease. (AU)