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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Novel gramicidin formulations in cationic lipid as broad-spectrum microbicidal agents

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Ragioto, Danielle A. M. T. [1] ; Carrasco, Leticia D. M. [1] ; Carmona-Ribeiro, Ana M. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, BR-05513970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NANOMEDICINE; v. 9, p. 3183-3192, 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB) is an antimicrobial lipid that can be dispersed as large closed bilayers (LV) or bilayer disks (BF). Gramicidin (Gr) is an antimicrobial peptide assembling as channels in membranes and increasing their permeability towards cations. In mammalian cells, DODAB and Gr have the drawbacks of Gram-positive resistance and high toxicity, respectively. In this study, DODAB bilayers incorporating Gr showed good antimicrobial activity and low toxicity. Techniques employed were spectroscopy, photon correlation spectroscopy for sizing and evaluation of the surface potential at the shear plane, turbidimetric detection of dissipation of osmotic gradients in LV/Gr, determination of bacterial cell lysis, and counting of colony-forming units. There was quantitative incorporation of Gr and development of functional channels in LV. Gr increased the bilayer charge density in LV but did not affect the BF charge density, with localization of Gr at the BF borders. DODAB/Gr formulations substantially reduce Gr toxicity against eukaryotic cells and advantageously broaden the antimicrobial activity spectrum, effectively killing Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria with occurrence of cell lysis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00046-5 - Interactions between membranes, biomolecules and surfaces
Grantee:Ana Maria Carmona-Ribeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/24534-1 - Supramolecular assemblies of cationic lipid, antibiotics and polymers: preparation, characterization and activity against multiresistant bacteria and fast-growing mycobacteria
Grantee:Letícia Dias de Melo Carrasco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate