Carvalho, J. P. S.
de Moraes, R. Vilhena
Prado, A. F. B. A.
Total Authors: 3
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Inst Ciencia & Tecnol, BR-12231280 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
 Inst Nacl Pesquisas Espaciais, BR-12243750 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS IN ENGINEERING;
Web of Science Citations:
Space missions to visit the natural satellite of Jupiter, Europa, constitute an important topic in space activities today, because missions to this moon are under study now. Several considerations have to be made for these missions. The present paper searches for less perturbed circular orbits around Europa. This search is made based on the total effects of the perturbing forces over the time, evaluated by the integral of those forces over the time. This value depends on the dynamical model and on the orbit of the spacecraft. The perturbing forces considered are the third-body perturbation that comes from Jupiter and the J(2), J(3,) and C-22 terms of the gravitational potential of Europa. Several numerical studies are performed and the results show the locations of the less perturbed orbits. Using those results, it is possible to find near-circular frozen orbits with smaller amplitudes of variations of the orbital elements. (AU)