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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Thermodynamic and kinetic investigations of phosphate adsorption onto hydrous niobium oxide prepared by homogeneous solution method

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Rodrigues, Liana Alvares [1] ; Caetano Pinto da Silva, Maria Lucia [1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Engn Lorena, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: DESALINATION; v. 263, n. 1-3, p. 29-35, NOV 30 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 65

The adsorption kinetics of phosphate onto Nb(2)O(5)center dot nH(2)O was investigated at initial phosphate concentrations 10 and 50 mg L(-1). The kinetic process was described by a pseudo second-order rate model very well. The adsorption thermodynamics was carried out at 298, 308, 318, 328 and 338 K. The positive values of both Delta H and Delta S suggest an endothermic reaction and increase in randomness at the solid-liquid interface during the adsorption. Delta G values obtained were negative indicating a spontaneous adsorption process. The Langmuir model described the data better than the Freundlich isotherm model. The peak appearing at 1050 cm(-1) in IR spectra after adsorption was attributed to the bending vibration of adsorbed phosphate. The effective desorption could be achieved using water at pH 12. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/05421-0 - Synthesis of hydrous niobium oxide nanoparticles by reverse microemulsion
Grantee:Liana Alvares Rodrigues
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master