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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Interferon-gamma production by human neutrophils upon stimulation by IL-12, IL-15 and IL-18 and challenge with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

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Rodrigues, Daniela Ramos [1, 2] ; Fernandes, Reginaldo Keller [3, 2] ; Balderramas, Helanderson de Almeida [1, 2] ; Penitenti, Marcimara [4] ; Bachiega, Tatiana Fernanda [2, 3] ; Calvi, Sueli Aparecida [1] ; Dias-Melicio, Luciane Alarcao [3] ; Valerio Ikoma, Maura Rosane [4] ; de Campos Soares, Angela Maria Victoriano [1, 2]
Total Authors: 9
[1] UNESP, Botucatu Sch Med, Dept Trop Dis, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Microbiol & Immunol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP, Botucatu Sch Med, Dept Pathol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] Amaral Carvalho Fdn, Flow Cytometry Lab, BR-17210080 Jau, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: CYTOKINE; v. 69, n. 1, p. 102-109, SEP 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 15

Paracoccidiodomycosis is a systemic mycosis caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb), which is endemic in Latin America. The host innate immune response against the fungus has been well characterized and several studies have shown the important role played by phagocytic cells. Our laboratory has studied the relationship between human neutrophils (PMNs)/Pb, focusing the effector mechanisms of these cells against the fungus. However, in last years, studies have shown that in addition to their phagocytic and killer functions, PMNs can modulate and instruct the immune response, since these cells have been shown to produce and release several cytokines. Thus, we evaluated whether PMNs stimulated with Pb can modulate the immune response to a Th1 phenotype through the production of IFN-gamma, as well as the role of ``pattern-recognition receptors{''} (PRRs) such as TLR2, TLR4 and Dectin-1 in this production. Furthermore, we asked whether activation of the cells with the cytokines IL-12, IL-15 and 1L-18 could result in increased levels of this cytokine. Peripheral blood PMNs obtained from 20 healthy donors were nonactivated or activated with IL-12, IL-15 or IL-18 in different concentrations and challenged with strain 18 Pb (Pb18) for 2 h, 4 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h and evaluated for IFN-gamma production, by ELISA. In other experiments, PMNs were treated with monoclonal antibodies anti-TLR2, TLR4 and Dectin-1, challenged with Pb and evaluated for IFN-gamma production. We found that Pb induces human PMNs to produce IFN-gamma, probably by binding to TLR4 and Dectin-1 receptors expressed by these cells. Moreover, IFN-gamma levels were significantly increased when cells were activated with each of the tested cytokines or a combination of two of them, being the association IL-12 plus IL-15 the most effective. The results support our hypothesis that during infection by Pb, human PMNs modulate the adaptive immune response to a Th1 response pattern, via IFN-gamma production. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/17405-5 - Role of human neutrophils on effector and modulatory mechanisms of the response against Paracoccidioides Brasiliensis
Grantee:Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos Soares
Support type: Regular Research Grants