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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

NADPH oxidase hyperactivity induces plantaris atrophy in heart failure rats

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Author(s):
Bechara, Luiz R. G. [1] ; Moreira, Jose B. N. [1, 2] ; Jannig, Paulo R. [1] ; Voltarelli, Vanessa A. [1] ; Dourado, Paulo M. [3] ; Vasconcelos, Andrea R. [4] ; Scavone, Cristoforo [4] ; Ramires, Paulo R. [1] ; Brum, Patricia C. [1]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Educ Fis & Esporte, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol NTNU, KG Jebsen Ctr Exercise Med, Trondheim - Norway
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Inst Heart, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY; v. 175, n. 3, p. 499-507, AUG 20 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 31
Abstract

Background: Skeletal muscle wasting is associated with poor prognosis and increased mortality in heart failure (HF) patients. Glycolytic muscles are more susceptible to catabolic wasting than oxidative ones. This is particularly important in HF since glycolytic muscle wasting is associated with increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the main ROS sources involved in muscle redox imbalance in HF have not been characterized. Therefore, we hypothesized that NADPH oxidases would be hyperactivated in the plantaris muscle of infarcted rats, contributing to oxidative stress and hyperactivation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system(UPS), ultimately leading to atrophy. Methods: Rats were submitted to myocardial infarction (MI) or Sham surgery. Four weeks after surgery, MI and Sham groups underwent eight weeks of treatment with apocynin, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, or placebo. NADPH oxidase activity, oxidative stress markers, NF-kappa B activity, p38 MAPK phosphorylation, mRNA and sarcolemmal protein levels of NADPH oxidase components, UPS activation and fiber cross-sectional area were assessed in the plantaris muscle. Results: The plantaris of MI rats displayed atrophy associated with increased Nox2 mRNA and sarcolemmal protein levels, NADPH oxidase activity, ROS production, lipid hydroperoxides levels, NF-kappa B activity, p38 MAPK phosphorylation and UPS activation. NADPH oxidase inhibition by apocynin prevented MI-induced skeletal muscle atrophy by reducing ROS production, NF-kappa B hyperactivation, p38 MAPK phosphorylation and proteasomal hyperactivity. Conclusion: Our data provide evidence for NADPH oxidase hyperactivation as an important source of ROS production leading to plantaris atrophy in heart failure rats, suggesting that this enzyme complex plays key role in skeletal muscle wasting in HF. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/50048-1 - Cellular and functional bases of exercise in cardiovascular diseases
Grantee:Carlos Eduardo Negrão
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants